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Role Dynamics: References
Compiled By Adam Blatner, M.D.

February 6, 2005      Please see related papers:   Role Theory

Ackerman, N.W. (1951). Social role and total personality. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 21, 1-7.  (One of the pioneers of family therapy found the role concept most useful.)

Ackerman, Nathan W. (1958). Social role and personality. In The psychodynamics of family life (pp.52-67). New York: Basic Books.  (A further elaboration of the previous item.)

Allen, Vernon L. & Scheibe, Karl E. (Eds.)(1982). The social context of conduct: Psychological writings of Theodore Sarbin. New York: Praeger.   (See Sarbin, below.)

Altman, Kerry P. (1985). The role-taking interview: An assessment technique for adolescents. Adolescence, 20(80), 845-851.

Banton, Michael. (1965). Roles: An introduction to the study of social relations. New York: Basic Books.

Bates, Frederick L. (1968). The structure of occupations: A role theory approach. Raleigh: North Carolina State University Center for Occupational Education, Monograph No.2.

Bateson, G. (1956). The message, "this is play." In B. Schaffner (Ed.), Group Processes: 1955 (pp. 145-241). New York: Josiah Macy Foundation.

Bellak, L. (1975). Overload: The new human condition. New York: Human Sciences Press.

Berger, Milton M. (1977). Working with people called patients. New York: Brunner/ Mazel.

Bertrand, Alvin L. (1972). Social organization: A general systems and role theory perspective. Philadelphia: F.A. Davis Co.

Biddle, Bruce J. (1979). Role Theory--Expectations, Identities, and Behaviors. New York: Academic Press. (One of the more comprehensive texts on role theory!)

Biddle, B.J. & Thomas, Edwin J. (Eds.) (1966). Role theory: Concepts and research. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Bischof, L. (1964). Interpreting personality theories. New York: Harper & Row.  (Especially his section on Moreno's theories.)

Blatner, Adam. (2000). Applied role theory chapters in Foundations of Psychodrama: History, Theory & Practice (4th ed.). New York: Springer. (Many other references to psychodrama, and noting numerous other papers about role dynamics written by this author.).

Blatner, A. (2006?).  The role of the meta-role: An integrative element in psychology. In M. Maciel, J. Burmeister & C. Baim (Eds.), Advancing theories in psychodrama. London & New York: Routledge. (In Press.)

Bonney, W.C. & Scott, K.H. (1983). An exploration of the origin of role formation via psychodrama and personal construct theories. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama and Sociometry, 36(2), 47-54.

Brandsma, J.M., Pattison, E.M., & Muyskens, J.L. (1986). Roles, contracts, and covenants: An analysis of religious components in psychotherapy. In K.K. Kentsmith, S.A. Salladay, and P.A. Miya (Eds.), Ethics in mental health practice. Orlando, FL: Grune & Stratton. (pp. 153-176).

Braude, Stephen E. 1991. First person plural: Multiple personality and the philosophy of mind. London: Routledge.

Brim, O.E., Jr. (1960). Personal development as role learning. In I. Iscoe & H.W. Stevenson (Eds.), Personal Development in Children. Austin: University of Texas Press.

Brissett, Dennis & Edgley, Charles (Eds.). (1990). Life as theater: A dramaturgical sourcebook.(2nd Ed.). New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Brown, Dennis & Zinkin, Lois (1994). The psyche and the social world. London: Routledge.

Brown, Roger. (1965). Social Psychology. New York: The Free Press.

Bryant, D., Keisler J., & Shirar, L. (1992). The family inside: Working with the multiple. New York: W.W. Norton.

Buchanan, Dale Richard. (1984). Moreno's social atom: A diagnostic and treatment tool for exploring interpersonal relationships. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 11, 155-164. (put in role network diagram)

Burrow, Trigant. (1953). Science and man's behavior: The contribution of phylobiology. (Edited by W.E. Galt.) New York: Philosophical Library.

Carroll, H.A. (1969). Mental hygiene: The dynamics of adjustment.  Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Carson, Richard David. (198 ). Taming your gremlin: A guide to enjoying yourself. Dallas, TX: The Family Resource.  (A small book in which the inner saboteur is externalized, imagined as an other, and thus more amenable to control. This kind of re-framing also has been used by some strategic family therapists.)

Clarkson, Petruska & Pokorny, M. (1994). The handbook of therapy. London: Routledge.

Clayton, Max. (1993). Living pictures of the self: Applications of role theory in professional practice and daily living. Caulfield, Australia: ICA Centre.

Clayton, Max. (1994). Role theory and its application in clinical practice. In P. Holmes, M. Karp & M. Watson (eds), Psychodrama Since Moreno. London & New York: Routledge.

Clayton, Lynette. (1982). The use of the cultural atom to record personality change in individual psychotherapy. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 35(3), 111-117.

Corsini, Raymond J. (1981). Innovations in psychotherapy. New York: Wiley Interscience.

Cottrell, LS. (1933). Roles and Marital Adjustment. The Publications of the American Sociological Society, 27, 107-112.

Cottrell, LS. (1942). The Adjustment of the Individual to His Age and Sex Roles. American Sociological Review, 7, 617-620. Oct

Courtney, Richard. (1980). The dramatic curriculum. New York: Drama Book Specialists. (150 W. 52nd Street, NY 10019)

Courtney, Richard. (1987). Dictionary of developmental drama. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Courtney, Richard (1989), Play, Drama & Thought: The intellectual background to dramatic education. 4th ed, revised. Toronto: Simon & Pierre.

Coutu, W. (1951). Role-playing versus role-taking: an appeal for clarifcation. American Sociological Review, 16: 182. (Criticizes various ways that these concepts have been handled by other writers and offers his own alternative.)

Crandall, James E. (1981). The theory and measurement of social interest. New York: Columbia University Press.

Csikszentmihalyi, Mihaly. (1993). The evolving self: A psychology for the third millenium.

Davis, Kingsley. (1949). Human society (Chapter 4). New York: MacMillan.

Davis, Liane Vida. (1986). Role theory (pp541-563). In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment (3rd ed.). New York: The free press.

Deutsch, Morton, and Krauss, Robert M. (1965). Role theory (Chapter 6). In Theories in social psychology (pp. 173-211). New York: Basic Books.

Driscoll, Richard. (1984). Pragmatic Psychotherapy. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold. Writes of ordinary language, but not apparent from the material. halfprice books 10/25/94

Driver, Helen I. (1970). Counseling & learning through small-group discusssion. Madison, WI: Monona Publications.

Dushman, R.D. & Bressler, M.J. Psychodrama in an adolescent chemical dependency treatment program. Individual Psychology, 47(4), 515-520.

Eisler, M & Hersen, M. (1973). Behavioral techniques in family-oriented crisis intervention. Archives of General Psychiatry, 28 111-116.

Elster, Jon. (1985). The multiple self. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Dr Robt Firestone, voice therapy? Glendon Assoc 2049 Century Park Estate Ste 3000 Los Angeles CA 90067, voice

Fishman, K.D. (June, 1991). Therapy for children. Atlantic Monthly, 267(6), 47-81.  ? on play

Flacks, Niki, & Rasberry, Robert W. (1982). Power talk: How to use theater techniques to win your audience. New York: The Free Press.

Flowers, JV & Booraem, CD (1980). Simulation & role playing methods. In FH Kanfer & AP Goldstein, Helping People Change (2nd ed.) New York: Pergamon.

Fodor, J. (1983). The modularity of mind. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Frick, W.B. (1993). Subpersonalities: Who conducts the orchestra? Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 33(2), 122-128.

Fulghum, R. (1993). Maybe (maybe not). New York: Villard Books (Random House). pp 8-10.  (An eloquent comment on the selves inside.)

Fulghum, R. (1989). It was on fire when I lay down on it. New York: Villard Books. pp 101-2

Garfield, Sol L. (1983). Clinical psychology: The study of personality and behavior. (2nd Ed.). New York: Aldine.

Gazzaniga, Michael. (1985). The social brain: Discovering the networks of the mind. New York: Basic Books.

Gedo, J E & Goldberg, A. (1973). Models of the mind: A psychoanalytic theory. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Getzels, J. W. & Guba, M. (1954). Role, role conflict & effectiveness. American Sociological Review, 19, 164-175.

Gillett, Richard. (1992). Change your mind, change your world: A practical guide. New York: Simon & Schuster/Fireside.
Goffman, Erving. (1971). Relations in Public. New York: Basic Books.   (This social psychologist is an exemplar of the dramaturgical approach to sociology.)

Goffman, Erving (1959). Presentation of self in everyday life. Garden City NY: Doubleday / Anchor.

Getzels, J. W., & Guba, E. G. (1954). Role, role conflict & effectiveness. American Sociological Review, 19, 164-175;

Gross, N. C., Mason, W. S., & McEachern, A. W. (1958). Explorations in role analysis. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Goldfried, Marvin R. & Castonguay, Louis G. (Spring, 1992). The future of psychotherapy integration. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 29(1), 4-10.

Goleman, Daniel. (1985). Vital lies, simple truths: the psychology of self-deception. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Gonick, Larry. (1993). The cartoon guide to (non)communication: The use and misuse of information in the modern world. New York: HarperCollins.

Goode, Wm. J. (1960). A theory of role strain. American Sociological Review, 25, 483-496.

Gordon, Gerald. (1966). Role theory and illness: A sociological perspective. New Haven, CT: College & University Press.

Goslin, David A. (Ed.) (1969). Introduction. In: DAG, The handbook of socialization theory and research. Chicago: Rand McNally.

Greenberg, Jay R. and Stephen A. Mitchell, SA. (1983). Object Relations in Psychoanalytic Theory. Cambridge, MA: Harvard U. Press.

Grinker, R.S., Sr.; MacGregor, H., Selan, K., Klein, A., & Kohrman, J. (1961). Psychiatric Social Work: A transactional case book. New York: Basic Books.

Gross, N. C., Mason, W. S., & McEachern, A.W. (1958). Explorations in role analysis: Studies of school superintendants' roles. New York: John Wiley & Sons.  (Especially Chapters 15-17) (?2nd ed., 1966, London?)
Hall, C.S. & Lindzey, G. (1957). Theories of personality. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Hammer, Leon I. (1973). Activity--an immutable and indispensable element of the therapist's participation in human growth. (Chap. 17). In D.S. Milman and G.D. Goldman (Eds.), The neurosis of our time: Acting out. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas.

Hammerstein, Oscar, II. (1959). (Lyricist) From the song, "Do, Re, Mi," in the hit Broadway musical show (music by Richard Rodgers), The Sound of Music.
        Blatner suggests that roles are a useful unit of social interaction, analogous to the way that, as this song suggests, notes are the basis for singing and making music.
Hanna, Judith L. (1979). To dance is human: A theory of  nonverbal communication. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Hardy, Margaret E. & Conway, Mary E.) (1988). Role theory: Perspectives for health professionals (2nd Ed. Norwalk, CT: Appleton & Lange-Century-Crofts. (1st ed 1978). Revised, expanded, excellent review of aspects of role theory and references. r690.H37.

Hare, A. Paul. (1985). Social interaction as drama: Applications from conflict resolution. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Harrison, R. (1972). Role negotiation: A tough minded approach to team development. In WW Burke & HA Hornstein (Eds), The social technology of organizational development. La Jolla, CA: University Associates.

Hartshorne, C. (1992). The aesthetic dimensions of religious experience. In J.F. Harris (ed.), Logic, God, & Metaphysics, 9-18. Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Heine, Ralph W. (1971). Psychotherapy. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Heiss, Jerrold (Ed.) (1976). An introduction to the elements of role theory, in Family roles and interaction: An anthology. Chicago: Rand McNally College Publishing.

Herink, Richie (Ed.). (1980). The psychotherapy handbook: The A to Z guide to more than 250 different therapies in use today. New York: Times Mirror New American Library/Meridian.

Hobson, Robert F. (1985). Forms of feeling: The heart of psychotherapy. New York: Tavistock.

Horowitz, Mardi J. (1988). Introduction to Psychodynamics: A new synthesis. New York: Basic Books.

Hunt, Morton. (1993). The story of psychology. New York: Doubleday.

Jackson, John A. (Ed.) (1972). Role. New York: Cambridge University Press. (HM1 5675 VOL 4) (sociological studies #4)

Jaynes, Julian W. (1976). The origin of consciousness in the breakdown of the bicameral mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Kagan, Jerome. (1994). Galen's prophecy: Temperament in human nature. New York: HarperCollins BasicBooks.

Kahn, R. L., Wolfe, D. M., Quinn, R. P, Snoek, J. D., & Rosenthal, R. A. (1964). Organizational stress: Studies in role conflict and ambiguity. New York: J Wiley.

Kaluger, G. & Unkovic, C. M. (1969). Psychology & Sociology. St Louis, MO: C. V. Mosby,  p111-115

Kazdin, Alan E. (1990). Psychotherapy for children & adolescents. Ann Rev Psychol, 41: 21-54. "A conservative estimate of over 230 alternative psychosocial treatments..."

?Keeny, Bradford P. (1983). Aesthetics of Change. New York: The Guilford Press.

Kellerman, Henry. (1979). Group Psychotherapy and Personality: Intersecting structures. New York: Grune & Stratton.

Kellermann, P.F. (1984). The place of catharsis in psychodrama. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 37(1), 1-13.

Kelly, GA (1963). A theory of personality: The psychology of personal constructs. New York: W.W. Norton.

Kelly, GR (1982). Theoretical applications of symbolic interactionism and psychodrama. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 35(1), 39-45.

Kipper, D.A. (1986). Psychotherapy through clinical role playing. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Kirsten, G. & Robertiello, R. (1977). Big you, little you. New York: Dial.
     In this book, the authors emphasize the relations between the big adult and the little inner child, and note that the former cannot ultimately rid itself of the influence of the latter. However it can be worked with using role playing. More, on p.161, they note that the individual must reflectively stand outside dialogue, and should not identify with either the “big adult” or the “little child.” (or, as Blatner would put it, the client or person must identify with the meta-role).

Krause, M.S. (1966). Role-deviant behaviors of clients in psychotherapy. Psychological Reports, 18, 947-957.

Lakoff, George, & Johnson, Mark. (1980). Metaphors we live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Landy, R. (1983). The use of distancing in drama therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 10, 175-85.

Landy, Robert. (1990). The concept of role in drama therapy. The Arts in Psychotherapy, 17, 223-230.

Landy, Robert. (1993). Persona & performance: The meaning of role in drama, therapy, and everyday life. New York: Guildford.

Laughlin, Henry P. The neuroses. Washington, DC Butterworths, pp 607-618Soterial reactions.

Lawlor, Gerald  W. (1947). Role therapy. Sociatry, 1(1), 51-55.

Lazarus, Arnold A. & Beutler, Larry E. (1992). The future of technical eclecticism. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 29(1), 11-?
Lazarus, Arnold. (1981). The practice of multimodal therapy. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Leary, Timothy. (1957). Interpersonal Diagnosis of Personality. New York: Ronald Press.

LeGuin, Ursula. (1985). Some generative metaphors (pp.483-5), in Always coming home. New York: Harper & Row.

Levenson, P., Hale, J., Hollier, M., & Tirado, C.. (1978). Parenting skills: A curriculum for teenage mothers. Houston: The Authority for Mental Health/Harris Co.

Levinson, Daniel J. (March, 1959). Role, personality, and social structure in the organizational setting. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 58, 9: 287-292.

Lindesmith, A. R. & Strauss, A. L. (1956). Roles (pp. 371-412), in Social psychology (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Linton, Ralph. (1936). The study of man. New York: Appleton- Century., pp.113-4.   (A classic: Here role was defined as the dynamic aspect of status. Banton (1965–see above), wrote, "the role concept was effectively introduced into the social sciences in an anthropology textbook, The Science of Man...")

Linton, Ralph. (1938). Culture, Society & the Individual. Journal of Abnormal & Social Psychology, 33, 425-36. oct

Linton, Ralph. (1945). Social structure and cultural participation (Chapter 3: pp. 55-82), in: The cultural background of personality. New York: Appleton-Century.  (Concepts of role and status, and their relationship to group structures.)

Loevinger, J. (1976). Ego development: Conceptions and theories. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Lovinger, Robert L. (Winter, 1992). Theoretical affiliations in psychotherapy. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 29(4), 586-590.

Loudin, Jo. (1979). Act yourself: Stop playing roles and unmask your true feelings. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall. role therapy, . geo kelly variation, role therap

Luxmoore, Nick. (1995?) Jacob Moreno, William Shakespeare, & Emily Bronte. British Journal of Psychodrama & Sociodrama, 9(2), 17-36.

Martin, Jay. (1988). Who am I this time? Uncovering the fictive personality. New York: W.W. Norton.

Madsen, K.B. (1968). Theories of motivation: A comparative study (Fourth Edition). Kent, OH: Kent State University Press.  (Notes many of the different kinds of motivation that feed into our role constructions, but doesn't really mention role theory.)

Madsen, K.B. (1974). Modern Theories of Motivation: A Comparative Metascientific Study. New York: Halstead Press/ John Wiley & Sons.  (Similar to the above.)

Mann, J.H. & Mann, C.H. (1959). The effect of role playing experience on role playing ability. Sociometry, 22, 64-74.

Mead, G.H. (1934). Mind, self, and society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. pp. 173-178.  (Analysis of the concept of the "generalized other" and of the processes of role playing.)

Messer, Stanley B. (in norcross) chap 12, 379-..   Eclecticism in psychotherapy: Underlying assumptions, problems, and trade-offs.  (Messer questions the possibility of an integration among the psychotherapies, arguing that the base metaphors are too incompatible. I dispute this in my meta-role aspect of role dynamics, noting that it sets a more encompassing meta-structure.)
Messner, Michael A. (1992). Power at play: Sports and the problem of masculinity. Boston: Beacon Press.

Miller, J.G. (1978). Living systems. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Miller, Michael I. md pd as a treatment method in a correctional institution. 398-401. in above

Moment, David and Zaleznik, Abraham. (1963). Role Development and Interpersonal Competence. Boston: Harvard School of Business Administration, pp. 5-30.

Montagu, Ashley. (1971). Touching: The human significance of the skin. New York: Columbia University Press.

Monte, Christopher F. (1980). Beneath the Mask: An Introduction to Theories of Personality, 2nd Ed. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.

Moreno, J.L. (1923, 1947?). The Theatre of Spontaneity. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Moreno, J.L. (1946). Role theory and role practice. Psychodrama, Vol. 1. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Moreno, J.L. (1947). Organization of the social atom. Sociometry, 10(4), 287-293.  acquaintance volume, sociometry with things

Moreno, J.L. (1958). Fundamental rules and techniques of psychodrama. In J. Masserman and J.L. Moreno (Eds.), Progress in Psychotherapy, 3, 119. New York: Grune & Stratton.

Moreno, J. L. (1960). The sociometry reader. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press, pp. 80-83. ref 9: p84-86.

Moreno, J.L. (1961). The role concept: A bridge between psychiatry and sociology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 118, 518-523.

Moreno, JL & Zeleny, LD. (1958). Role theory and sociodrama. In J. S. Roucek (Ed), Contemporary Sociology. New York: Philosophical Library. (pp 642-653).

Moreno, J.L. (1947) "Varieties of Psychodrama," Sociatry, 1,

Moreno, J.L.(Fall, 1966). The roots of psychodrama. Group Psychotherapy, 19 (3-4), 140-142.

Muran, J. Christopher & Segal, ZV. (Winter, 1992). The development of an idiographic measure of self-schemas: An illustration of the construction and use of self-scenarios. Psychotherapy, 29(4), . . .

Murstein, B. (1970). A theory of marital choice. Journal of Marriage & the Family, 32, 465-481.

Nadel, S.F. (1957). The theory of social structure. New York: Free Press.

Napier, Nancy J. (1990). Recreating your self. New York: W W Norton.

Neiman, L.V. & Hughes, J. (1951). The problem of concept of role. Social Forces, 30, 141-149.

Newcomb, Theodore M. (1942). Community roles in attitude formation American Sociological Review, 7, 621-630.

Newcomb, T.M. (1950). Social psychology. New York: Dryden.

Nye, Ivan F. (Ed.). (1976). Role-Structure and Analysis of the Family. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage Publications.

Olsen, Marvin E. (1968). The Process of Social Organization. New York: Holt, Rinehart and Winston. esp 104-116

Omer, Haim & Strenger, Carlo. (1992). The pluralist revolution: From the one true meaning to an infinity of constructed ones. Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, 29(2), 253-261.

Ornstein, R. (1986). Multimind: A new way of looking at human behavior. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Parsons, T. (1937). The structure of social action. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Parsons, Talcott. (1951). The social system. Glencoe, IL: The Free Press. (p.26)  (Role a central concept in analyzing social structure.)

Perlman, Helen Harris. (1968). Persona: Social role and personality. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Polster, Erving. (1987). Every person's life is worth a novel. New York: WW Norton.

?Popitz, Heinrich. (1972). The concept of social role as an element of sociological theory. in Jackson (above).

Potash, Marlin S. (1990). Hidden agendas. New York: Delacorte.

?Preiss, J. & Erlich. examination of role theory (state police. nebraska, 1966. referred to in jackson.

Quinney, Richard. (1982). Social existence. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage. espec  111-118 re metaphysical validity of collective, tribal existence

?Rapoport, R., & Rosow, I. (1957). An approach to family relationships and role performance. Human Relations, 10, 209-221.

Rebillot, Paul with Melissa Kay. (1993). The call to adventure: Bringing the hero's journey to daily life. San Francisco: HarperSanFrancisco.

Resnik, Solomon. The theatre of the dream: London & New York: Tavistock. 1987.

Rommetveit, R. (1954). Social norms and roles. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

Rose, Sheldon D. (1989). Working with adults in groups. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Rowen, P. (1990). Subpersonalities: The people inside us. London: Routledge. (A nice review of some of the aspects of a pluralistic model of mind.)

Samuels, Andrew. (1983). Dethroning the self. Spring: An Annual of Archetypal Psychology. 43-58.

Samuels, Andrew. (1989). The plural psyche. New York: Routledge.  (Another description of the pluralistic model of the mind.)

Sarbin, Theodore R. (1943). The concept of role-taking. Sociometry, 6(3), 273-285.  (One of the earlier articles, associated with Moreno's approach. Sarbin later developed Narrative Psychology--see Allan & Scheibe, near the beginning of this bibliography.)

Sarbin, Theodore R. (1966). "Role Theory," in Role Theory: Concepts and Research, ed. by Bruce J. Biddle and Edwin J. Thomas. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 1966.

Sarbin, T.R. & Allen, V.L. (1968). Role theory. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), Handbook of social psychology (2nd Ed.) (Vol. 1, pp. 488-567). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley.
Sarbin, T. (Ed.) (1986). Narrative psychology. New York: Praeger.

Sarbin, T.R. & Scheibe, K.E. (1983). A model of social identity. In T.R. Sarbin & K.E. Scheibe (Eds). Studies in social identity (pp. 5-28). New York: Praeger.
Sata, Lindbergh S. & Derbyshire, R. L. (1969). Breaking the role barrier--a psychotherapeutic necessity. Mental Hygiene, 53,(1).

Schafer, Roy. (1976). A new language for psychoanalysis. New Haven: Yale University Press.  (This and the next paper in my thinking refer to the differences in the meta-role function between more and less explicit types of awareness, whether an activity is "owned," identified with-- a "yes, I did indeed think or do that" kind of registering, versus a muddying up of the water, mixing a memory with an internal denial, as if saying, "No, I never thought / did / that."  It doesn't dis-own the action, saying "the ego" or the "super-ego" or the defense mechanism did it, but helps the client to recognize, "I disowned that action." )
Schafer, Roy. (1973). Claimed and disclaimed action. The Annual of Psychoanalysis, 1, 159-96.

Sennet, R. (Ed.) (1977). The psychology of society: An anthology. New York: Vintage/Random House. ( The author, on pages 89-90, note the way roles are "situation specific.")

Shaw, M.E. & Costanzo, P.R. (1970). Role theory. In Theories of Social Psychology (pp.327-346). New York: McGraw-Hill.  (Shaw also co-wrote with Raymond J. Corsini about role playing in business and industry.)

Shaw, Marvin R. & Costanzo, Phillip R. (1982). Theories of social psychology (2nd ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Shorr, J.E. (1972). Psycho-imagination therapy. New York: Intercontinental Medical Book Co. (One of the many related innovative approaches to therapy that in a sense resonate with role dynamics.)

Singer, Jerome L. (1974). Imagery and daydream methods in psychotherapy and behavior modification. New York: Academic Press.  (Also, this author's emphasis on the idea of imagination, relates to drama, role playing.)

Singer, Jerome, & Pope, Kenneth. (1981). (get title!)  Journal of Imagination, Cognition and Personality, 1(1), 1-28.

Sliker, Gretchen. (1992). Multiple mind: Healing the split in psyche and world. Boston: Shambhala.

Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1956?). A critique of "social atom" terminology; In J.S. Roucek (ed.), Contemporary Sociology. New York: Philosophical library, 1155-1158., also small group research, 1159

Sorokin, Pitirim A. (1947). Society, culture and personality, their structure & dynamics, New York: Harper & Row.

Spiegel, J.P. (1954). The social roles of doctor and patient in psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Psychiatry, 17, 369-376.

Spiegel, JP. (1957). The Resolution of Role Conflict Within the Family. In M Greenblatt, DJ Lewinson & RH Williams (Eds.), The Patient in the Mental Hospital. New York: The Free Press.

Spiegel, John P. (1971). Social roles (part 2), in Transactions: The interplay between individual, family, and society. New York: Science House.

stanislavski, c 1961, creating a role ny theatre arts books

Staude, John-Raphael. (1981). The adult development of C.G. Jung (pp.111-114). Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Staude calls for a holistic theory of psychology and outlines its requirements. I think role dynamics fulfills these criteria.

Stone, Hal & Winkelman, Sidra. (1989). Embracing OurSelves: The voice dialogue manual. San Rafael: New World Library.

Strean, H. S. (1971). The application of role theory to social casework. In H. Strean (Ed.), Social casework: Theories in action. Metuchen, NJ: Scarecrow Press.

Strean, Herbert S. (1979). Role theory. In F. J. Turner (Ed.), Social work treatment (2nd ed.). New York: Free Press.

Stryker, Sheldon. (1968). Identity salience and role performance: The relevance of symbolic interaction theory for family research. The Journal of Marriage & the Family, 30, 558-564.

? Sutherland RL & Woodward JL (1940). Introductory Sociology. New York: Lippincott.

Swink, David F. & Buchanan, Dale Richard. (1984). The effects of sociodramatic goal-oriented role play and non-goal-oriented role play on locus of control. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 40(3), 1178-1183.

Sweeny, TJ (1989). Adlerian counseling. Muncie, IN: Accelerated development. 1-800-222-1166.

Szasz, Thomas S. (1974). The myth of mental illness. (Revised). New York: Harper & Row/Perennial.  (This radical psychiatrist questions the role definitions of psychiatrist and patient, especially regarding the problem of involuntary treatment.)

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