(Revised and Expanded, Published in March, 2000)

Adam Blatner, M.D.


Title Page, Preface, etc.
(Also, photographs of J.L. Moreno and Zerka Moreno among the pages.)

Introduction: The Scope of Psychodrama                                                                    xv-xxi

The Idea of a Tool; New Kinds of Thinking; Complexes of Tools;
Applications, A Path of "Heart"

1 Basic Elements: An Overview                                                                                        1

Correcting Misunderstandings, Component Elements and Terminology, 
A Typical Enactment, Other Kinds of Enactments

2 History I: Moreno and His Precursors                                                                         12

The Scope of Moreno's Thought, Early History, Mid-Phase: Years of Development,
Later Years: Education and Organization

3 History II: Further Developments in Psychodrama                                                       26

Zerka Toeman Moreno: A Biographical Sketch; Other Pioneers: The "First Phase";
The "Second Phase", Organizational Developments, Publications, International Developments

4 History III: Hindrances to Psychodrama's Acceptance                                                  38

5 General Philosophical and Theoretical Considerations                                                   51

Two Kinds of Complexity, Alternative Modes of Knowledge, Postmodernism,
Metatheory, Why Theorize? A Loose Theory

6 Moreno's Theology                                                                                                             63

Spirituality, Religion and Psychology; An Aesthetic Basis;
Resonances with Other Philosophers; Immanence; Responsibility;
Individuality; Encounter; Creative Theology

7 Creativity                                                                                                                             73

Considering Creativity; The Cultural Conserve; Response-ability
Psychological Perspectives; Sociatry; A Deeper Contemplation

8 Spontaneity                                                                                                                           80

Relationship with Creativity; Robopathy; The Psychodynamics of Spontaneity;
A Non-Conservable Energy; A Stimulant to Creativity; Warming-Up

9 Play, Imagination, Surplus Reality                                                                                     89

The Psychodynamics of Playing; Excitement; Surplus Reality;
Implications; Moreno's Idée Fixe ; Re-enchantment; Abundant Living

10 Expression and Action                                                                                                     100

Acting-Out, Acting-In, and Action Insight; Sublimation; Act Hunger; Act Fulfillment;
Expansion of the Sense of Self; Warming Up Physically; Modes of Self-Expression;
Making and Sharing Stories; Fuller Self-Expression

11 Catharsis                                                                                                                            110

Describing the Phenomenon; Underlying Dynamics; Four Levels of Catharsis;
Working-Through; Not Just Evoking Emotion; Vicarious Catharsis;
A Wider Perspective

12 Skill Learning                                                                                                                     119

Developing the Meta-Roles; Dis-Identification; Making Learning Explicit;
Role Reversal and Empathy; Self-Awareness; Non-Verbal Communication;
Conflict Resolution; Sociometric Skills; Four Kinds of Learning;
Creating Rituals and Celebrations

13 Integrations with Other Therapies                                                                                    128

An Integrative Meta-Theory; Rapprochement with Psychoanalysis;
Integrations with Other Approaches; Other Disciplines

14 Therapeutic Factors                                                                                                            139

Therapeutic Factors in Group Psychotherapy; Strengthening the Ego;
Facilitating the Phases of Psychotherapy

15 Applied Role Theory-I: General Considerations                                                              150

Historical Background; Roles and Meta-Roles; A User-Friendly Language ;
A Powerful Metaphor; Some Difficulties with Role Theory; Dimensions of Role Enactment

16 Applied Role Theory-II: Dynamic Concepts                                                                     165

Role Circumstances vs Psychic Determinism; The Depth of Roles;
Other Dimensions of Roles; A Pluralistic Model of the Mind; Integrating the Mind;
Role Taking: A Key Skill; Role as "Lens"; Mutuality in Role Taking

17 Applied Role Theory-III: Specific Techniques                                                                   177

Role Naming; Role Diagraming; Role Analysis;
The Social Network Diagram; Creating Roles

18 Sociometry I: General Considerations                                                                                188

Interpersonal Relations; Social Being-ness; Co-Unconscious Dynamics Tele; 
Reciprocity; Using Sociometry; Historical Perspectives; Present Status

19 Sociometry II: Methods                                                                                                         203

Resistances to Sociometry; Other Sociometric Methods; Choosing Partners;
Choosing a Protagonist and/or Auxiliaries; Action Sociometry and "Sculpture";
The Spectrogram; Focused Questioning

20: Related Approaches                                                                                                              214

Role Playing & Role Training; Action Methods; Sociodrama;
Bibliodrama; Drama Therapy; Drama in Education; Interactive Theatre;
Playback Theatre; The Art of Play; Miscellaneous Approaches

21 Principles of Using Psychodramatic Techniques                                                                    227

Categories of Techniques; Purposes of Psychodramatic Techniques;
Balancing Talk & Action

Appendix: A Compendium of Psychodramatic Terms and Techniques                                       235

General Bibliography                                                                                                                     259

         American Journals; General Bibliography; International Books and Journals

Index 275

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