Foundations of Psychodrama
(4th edition, Revised and Expanded, Published in March, 2000)

Adam Blatner, M.D.

(This page revised July 7, 2002, 7:30 PM)


Title Page, Preface, etc.
Also, photographs of J.L. Moreno and Zerka Moreno among the pages.)

Introduction: The Scope of Psychodrama                                                   xv-xxi

The Idea of a Tool; New Kinds of Thinking; Complexes of Tools;
Applications, A Path of "Heart"

1 Basic Elements: An Overview                                                               1

Correcting Misunderstandings, Component Elements and Terminology,
A Typical Enactment, Other Kinds of Enactments

2 History I: Moreno and His Precursors                                               12

          The Scope of Moreno's Thought, Early History,

          Mid-Phase: Years of Development,
          Later Years: Education and Organization

3 History II: Further Developments in Psychodrama                           26

Zerka Toeman Moreno: A Biographical Sketch;
Other Pioneers: The "First Phase";
The "Second Phase", Organizational Developments,
Publications, International Developments

4 History III: Hindrances to Psychodrama's Acceptance                      38

5 General Philosophical and Theoretical Considerations                       51

Two Kinds of Complexity, Alternative Modes of Knowledge,
Postmodernism, Metatheory, Why Theorize? A Loose Theory

6 Moreno's Theology                                                                                63

Spirituality, Religion and Psychology; An Aesthetic Basis;
Resonances with Other Philosophers; Immanence; Responsibility;
Individuality; Encounter; Creative Theology

7 Creativity                                                                                                73

Considering Creativity; The Cultural Conserve; Response-ability
Psychological Perspectives; Sociatry; A Deeper Contemplation

8 Spontaneity                                                                                              80

Relationship with Creativity; Robopathy;
The Psychodynamics of Spontaneity; A Non-Conservable Energy;
A Stimulant to Creativity; Warming-Up

9 Play, Imagination, Surplus Reality                                                         89

The Psychodynamics of Playing; Excitement; Surplus Reality;
Implications; Moreno's Idée Fixe ; Re-enchantment; Abundant Living

10 Expression and Action                                                                        100

Acting-Out, Acting-In, and Action Insight; Sublimation;
Act Hunger; Act Fulfillment; Expansion of the Sense of Self;
Warming Up Physically; Modes of Self-Expression;
Making and Sharing Stories; Fuller Self-Expression

11 Catharsis                                                                                              110

Describing the Phenomenon; Underlying Dynamics;
Four Levels of Catharsis; Working-Through;
Not Just Evoking Emotion; Vicarious Catharsis; A Wider Perspective

12 Skill Learning                                                                                       119

Developing the Meta-Roles; Dis-Identification; Making Learning Explicit;
Role Reversal and Empathy; Self-Awareness; Non-Verbal Communication;
Conflict Resolution; Sociometric Skills; Four Kinds of Learning;
Creating Rituals and Celebrations

13 Integrations with Other Therapie                                                        128

An Integrative Meta-Theory; Rapprochement with Psychoanalysis;
Integrations with Other Approaches; Other Disciplines

14 Therapeutic Factors                                                                              139

Therapeutic Factors in Group Psychotherapy; Strengthening the Ego;
Facilitating the Phases of Psychotherapy

15 Applied Role Theory-I: General Considerations                               150

Historical Background; Roles and Meta-Roles;
A User-Friendly Language ; A Powerful Metaphor;
Some Difficulties with Role Theory; Dimensions of Role Enactment

16 Applied Role Theory-II: Dynamic Concepts                                      165

Role Circumstances vs Psychic Determinism;
The Depth of Roles; Other Dimensions of Roles;
A Pluralistic Model of the Mind; Integrating the Mind;
Role Taking: A Key Skill; Role as "Lens"; Mutuality in Role Taking

17 Applied Role Theory-III: Specific Techniques                                  177

Role Naming; Role Diagraming; Role Analysis;
The Social Network Diagram; Creating Roles

18 Sociometry I: General Considerations                                               188

Interpersonal Relations; Social Being-ness;
Co-Unconscious Dynamics Tele; Reciprocity;
Using Sociometry; Historical Perspectives; Present Status

19 Sociometry II: Methods                                                                       203

Resistances to Sociometry; Other Sociometric Methods;
Choosing Partners; Choosing a Protagonist and/or Auxiliaries;
Action Sociometry and "Sculpture"; The Spectrogram;
Focused Questioning

20: Related Approaches                                                                          214

Role Playing & Role Training; Action Methods; Sociodrama;
Bibliodrama; Drama Therapy; Drama in Education; Interactive Theatre;
Playback Theatre; The Art of Play; Miscellaneous Approaches

21 Principles of Using Psychodramatic Techniques                                227

Categories of Techniques; Purposes of Psychodramatic Techniques;
Balancing Talk & Action

Appendix: A Compendium of Psychodramatic Terms and Techniques   235

General Bibliography                                                                                 259

         American Journals; General Bibliography; International Books and Journals

Index                                                                                                            275

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