Sociometry Bibliography
Compiled by Adam Blatner

Updated June 21, 2011

(This bibliography, incorporates items listed in the sociometry journal, some compiled by Jeanine Gendron in the early 1980s, and with further additions since by Adam Blatner and others. It is as yet incomplete and I invite corrections and additions: Please send me additions to  )   
     For more on sociometry, see on this website other papers such as (1)  Exploring Interpersonal Preference  ; (2) Exploring Your Own Connectedness through Sociometry ; (3) Tele: The Dynamics of Rapport;  (4) Further Notes on Sociometry  ; (5) Sociometry: The Dynamics of Rapport ;
    And since role theory is also related to all this, browse on the table of contents of papers for various webpage articles about roles, role analysis, and so forth, especially a further bibliography on role theory!.

First, a major resource has been the recently developed website by Ann Hale, one of the most active leaders in sociometry today. Check it out:   Many brief papers that respond to students' and colleagues questions!   
Also, I have recently discovered another effort in this direction, a bibliography created by Prof. Lawrence Sherman:
   Almost all of these have to do with child development, peer group status, and Moreno isn't even mentioned!

Ahlbrand, W.P. and W.J. Doyle. (1976). Classroom grouping and sociometric status. Elementary School Journal, 76(8), 493-499.

Alba, Richard. (1975). Comment on mathematical models in sociometry. Sociological Methods and Research, 3(4), 1975, 489-490.

Alba, Richard. (1973). Graph-theoretic definition of a sociometric clique. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 3(1), 113.

Allen, C. N., and Curtis, Karl. ( April,  1939). A sociogrammatic study of Oedipus-complex formation: D. H. Lawrence's Sons and LoversSociometry, 1 (2), ?pg

Arney, W.R. (1973). Refined status index for sociometric data. Sociological Methods and Research, 1(3), 329.

Arruga-Valeri, Artur. (1974). Introduction to the sociometric test. Barcelona:  Editorial Herder (Portuguese).

Asher, S.R. et. al. (1979). Reliable sociometric measure for preschool children. Developmental Psychology, 15 (4), 443-444.

Attneave, Carolyn. (1979). Therapeutic effectiveness of social network interventions compared to groups of "intimate strangers." Group Psychotherapy , Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 32, 173-178.

Bain, R. (1943). Sociometry and social measurement. Sociometry 6, 38-46.

Balswick, J.O., &  Layne, N.R. (1973). Studying social organization in local church: sociometric approach. Review of Religious Research, 14 (2), 101.

Barbour, Alton. (1994). A reexamination of the tele effect. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 47(3), 114-125.

Barclay, James R. (1990). Sociometry, temperament & school psychology. T. R. Kratochwill, S. N. Elliott, & M. Getlinger (Eds.), Advances in school psychology, Vol 8. Louisville: Louisville Education Agency

Barker, Roger G. (May, 1942.)  The social interrelations of strangers and acquaintances. Sociometry, 5 (2) 169-179.

Bartel, Helmut et. al. (1973). A sociometric view of some integrated open classrooms. Journal of Social Issues, 29 (4), 159-174 .

Becker, Howard. (1931). Adaptation and Amplification of Systematic Sociology by Leopold von Wiese.  New York:  John Wiley &  Sons.

Becker, Howard, & Useem, Ruth Hill. (February, 1942). Sociological analysis of the dyad.  American Sociological Review, 7 (l), ? Pg.

Becker, Howard, & Myers, Robert C. (1942). Processes of secularization. Sociometry, 5? ?pg

Bell, Linda and David Bell. (1979). Triangulation: pitfall for the developing child. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 32, 150-155.

Bell, Steven and Ledford, Terry. (1978). The effects of sociodrama on the behaviors and attitudes of elementary school boys. (Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 30I, 1978, 117-135.

Benvenuto, Arthur. (1971). The use of sociometric grouping techniques for forming instructional groups (University of Rochester, Dissertation, 1971).

Bernard, P. (1973).  Sociometric stratification and social networks. (in French).  Sociology & Society, 5 (1), 127.

Bintz, Miriam. (1942). A sociometric technique for determining family constellations. Sociometry, 5 1942.

Blatner, Adam. (1994). Tele: The dynamics of interpersonal preference. In P. Holmes, M. Karp, & M. Watson (Eds.), Psychodrama since Moreno. London: Tavistock/Routledge.        (This paper is Also on this website).

Blatner, A. (2000).  Sociometry: (Chapter 18: General considerations; Chapter 19:  Methods) and related chapters on role theory in: Foundations of Psychodrama: History, Theory & Practice (4th ed.): New York: Springer. (Of course I'm biased, but I do consider this to be a good introduction to the field!)

Blatner, A. (2004). Issues on Sociometry. Elsewhere on this website:  Other papers on sociometry, too!

Blatner, A. (July, 2010). The dynamics of rapport: theoretical underpinnings fostering the elements in group psychotherapy (Part 1). In The Group Psychologist (the online journal of the Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy---a newsletter of Division 49 of the American Psychological Association), Volume 20, No. 2., pp 9-11.

Blatner, A. (November, 2010). The dynamics of rappor: practical applications in group psychotherapy (Part 2). In The Group Psychologist (the online journal of the Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy---a newsletter of Division 49 of the American Psychological Association), Volume 20, No. 3., pp 9-11.
Blumberg, Herbert H. & DeSoto, Clinton B. (1968). Avoiding distortions in sociometric choices. International Journal of Sociometry & Sociatry (Handbook of Sociometry), 5 (3-4), 90-95.

Bobenrie., M. et. al. (1976). Informal organization - sociometric analysis of a hospital Administration Course. Bulletin of Sao Paulo, 80(5), 435-444. Portuguese

Bochner, S. et. al. (Dec. 1976). Acquaintance links between residents of a high rise building: an application of the small world method. Journal of Social Psychology, 100,  277-284.

Bohning, G. (1978). Using sociometry to plan membership for small groups. Language Arts, 55 (5), 583-586.

Bonacich, P. and Lewis, G. (1973). Function specialization and sociometric judgment. Sociometry , 36 (1), 1973, 31.

Bonney, J. M. (1960). Sociometric methods. In C. W. Harris (Ed.), Encyclopedia of educational research, 3rd ed. New York: Macmillan, pp. 1319-1324.

Bonney, M. E. (1943). The constancy of sociometric scores and their relationship to teacher judgments of social-success, and to personality self-ratings. Sociometry, 6 (4), 409-424.

Borden, Ruth. (Jan., 1940). The use of the psychodrama in an institution for delinquent girls. Sociometry, 2 (1) ? Pg.

Borgatta, Edgar F. (1954). Analysis of social interaction and sociometric perception. Sociometry, 7 (1), 7-32.

Borgatta, E.F; Bouslaw, Robert; & Haskell, Martin, R. (March, 1975). On the work of Jacob L. Moreno. Sociometry, 38 (1), 148-161.  (I have reprints available.)

Bradley, P.O. , & Newhouse, R..  (1975). Sociometric choice and self-perceptions of upper elementary school children. Psychology in the Schools, 12 (2), 219-222.

Bramsen, John. (1971). Optimal balancing of sociometric structure. University of Chicago:  Dissertation.

Brieger, R.L. (December, 1974). Duality of persons and groups. Social Forces, 53, 181-190.

Brieger, R.L. (February, 1976). Career attributes and network structure: a block model study of a biomedical research specialty. American Sociological Review, 41,  117-135.

Bronfenbrenner, Urie. (1943). A constant frame of reference for sociometric research. Sociometry, 6, 363-396.

Bugeda, Jose. (Jan-Mar 1975). New perspectives on the accuracy of sociometric scales: the coefficient theta.  Revista Espanola de la Opinion Publica, 39,  27-37.  Spanish

Bukowski, William M. & Cillessen, Antonius H. (Eds.). (1998). Sociometry. New Directions in Child Development, #80. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass. (Author’s note: Mainly academic articles about children, hardly anything about Moreno)

Burkert, H.J. (1976). Sociometric results from a psychiatric clinic. Praxis der Kinderpsychologie  und Kinderpsychiatrie, 25(6), 238-243. German

Burks, Barbara S. (Jan, 1939). A Review of Newstetter, Feldstein and Newcombi,  Group Adjustment: A Study in Experimental Sociology.    Sociometry, 2 (1), .

Burks, Barbara S. (Jan 1940). A Review of J. H. Criswell, "A Sociometric Study of Race Cleavage in the Classroom," Sociometry, 3 (1) ? pg.

Burns, E. (1974). Reliability and transitivity of pair-comparison sociometric responses of retarded  and non-retarded subjects. American Journal of Mental Diseases, 78(4), 482-485.

Burt, R.S. (Summer 1976). Positions in networks. Social Forces, 55, 93-122.

Busk, Patricia et. al. (Sept. 1973).  Stability of sociometric responses in classrooms.  Journal of Genetic Psychology, 123 (lst half),  69-84.

Bustos, Dalmiro. (1979). Sociometric test: fundamental techniques and applications. Sao Paulo: Editora Brasiliense, Portuguese

Byrne, P. et. al. (June, 1971). Ubiquitous relationship: attitude similarity and attraction. Human Relations, 24, 201-207.

Callao, M.J. (1972). Sociometric change among elementary school children involved in a shared goals model of group counseling (Purdue, Dissertation, ),

Carlson-Sabelli, Linnea; Sabelli, Hector C., Patel, M., & Holm, K. (1992). The union of opposites in sociometry: An empirical application of process theory. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 44, 147-171.

Carlson-Sabelli, L., Sabelli, H. & Hale, A. (1994) Sociometry and sociodynamics ( p.147-188). In: P. Holmes, M. Karp, & M. Watson (Eds), Psychodrama since Moreno: Innovations in theory and practice.  London: Routledge

Carney, T. F. (1976). Sociometrics: Measuring your group life space (pp. 122-146). No limits to growth. Winnipeg, Canada: Author.

Chapin, F. Stuart (Sept-Oct, 1929). A home rating scale.  Sociology and Social Research, 14 (1), ?pg.

Chapin, F. Stuart (May, 1930). The meaning of measurement in society. Publications of the American Sociological Society, 24 (2).

Chapin, F. Stuart. (1933). The measurement of social status by use of the social status scale. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, Pp. 13.?

Chapin, F. Stuart. (Dec. 1940). An experiment in the social effects of good housing. American Sociological Review, 5 (6). ? pg

 Chapin, F. Stuart. (July, 1940). Trends in sociometrics and critique. Sociometry, 3 (3), 245-262

Chapin, F. Stuart. (May, 1941). The syntactical analysis of sociometric techniques. Sociometry, 4 (2) ?pg.

Chapin, F. Stuart. (1941). Social effects of good housing," (Chapter in) Housing for Health, Science Printing Co.

Chapple, Eliot D. & Arensberg, C. M. (1940). Measuring human relations: an introduction to the study of the interaction of individuals. Genetic Psychology Monograph No. 22, 3-147.   Provincetown: Journal Press.

Clayton, Lynette. (1982). Role theory and its application in clinical practice. In P. holmes, M. Karp & M. Watson (Eds.), Psychodrama since Moreno: Innovations in theory and practice (pp. 121- 144). London: Routlege.

Clayton, Max (1994) Role Theory and its application in clinical practice (pp. 121-144). In: P. Holmes, M. Karp, & M. Watson (Eds), Psychodrama since Moreno: Innovations in theory and practice . London, Routledge.

Cockriel, Irvin. (1973a). Forming instructional groups from sociometric data. Education, 93(4), 393-395.

Cockriel, Irvin. (1973b). Sociometric status scores and reading achievement. Handbook of International Sociometry, 7, 84-87.

Cohen, Allan, & Van Tassel, E. (Winter, 1978). A comparison of partial and complete paired comparisons in sociometric measurement of preschool groups. Applied Psychological Measurement, 2 (1), 31-40.

Cohen, S., & Przybyci, C. (1974).  Some effects of sociometrically selected peer models on cognitive styles of impulsive children. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 124(2), 213.

Constantine, Larry L. (1978). Family Sculpture and relationship mapping techniques. Journal of Marriage and Family Counseling,  (April), 13-23.

 Cooley, C. Ewing. (1976). A consistency measure of sociometric status related to development of selected personality factors. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 29,  70-74.

Cottrell, Leonard S., Jr., and Gallagher, Ruth. (1941). Developments in Social Psychology, 1930- 1940. Sociometry Monograph No. 1. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Criswell, Joan H. (1936). Sociometric analysis of negro-white groups. Sociometric  Review. New York State Training School for Girls, Hudson, N.Y.

Criswell, Joan H. (July-Oct, 1937). Racial cleavage in negro-white groups. Sociometry, 1 (1), 1-82 ?

Criswell, Joan H. (1939). A sociometric structure of race cleavage in the classroom, Archives of Psychology, 33, No. 235, 1-82

Criswell, J. H. (Oct.,1939). Social Structure Revealed in a sociometric retest. Sociometry, 2 (4), 69-75.

Criswell, Joan H. (April, 1940). A Review of G. A. Lundberg, Foundations of Sociology. Sociometry, 3 (2) ?pg

Criswell, Joan H. (May, 1942). The saturation point as a sociometric  concept.  Sociometry,  5 (2) ?pg

Criswell, Joan. (1947). Note on seeman's approach to intra-group negro attitudes. Sociometry, 9 (2-3), 207-209
Criswell, Joan H. (1947). The measurement of group integration. Sociometry, 10 (3), 259-267.

Culpan, Florence. (1979). Studying action sociometry: an element in the personal growth of the therapist. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 32, 1979, 122-127.

Czernik, A. and E. Steinmey. (1978). Empirical study on quantitative sociometry during group psychotherapy. Psychotherapie und Medizinische Psychologie, 28 (5), 152-157.

Danielsson, Clare. Sociometric families - theory in action at intimate community workshop (Group Psychotherapie und Medizinische Psychologieerapy, 29, 1976, 93-101.

Davis, James.  Sociometric Triads as Multivariate Systems (Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 5(1), 1977, 41-59.

Deutsch, Francine. (September, 1974). Observational and sociometric measures of peer popularity and their relationship of egocentric communication in female preschoolers (Developmental Psychology, 10(5),  745-747.

Dias, B. (1976). Sociometric status and personality study of joint use of sociometric test and individual Z test. Revue de Psychologie Appliquee, 26(4), 651-658.  French.

Dodd, Stuart C. (Jan., 1940). The interrelation matrix. Sociometry, 3 (1)  ?pg.)   also in  Dimensions of Society. New York: The Macmillan Co., 1942. Pp. 985.

Dodd, S. C. (1943). Sociometry delimited: its relation to social work, sociology, and the social sciences. Sociometry, 6 (3), 200-205.

Dollase, R. (1975). Sociometry as intervention and measurement insturment. Gruppendynamik Forschung und Praxis, 6(2), 82-92. (German)

Dollase, R. (1976). Sociometric techniques. Weinheirn, Basel: Beltz. (German)

Dollase, R. (1979). Sociometric Techniques in Sports Gruppendynamik Forschung und Praxis, 10(1), 1979, 19-27.  German

Doby, J.T. (1973).  Measure of Sociometric Reciprocity (Sociological Methods and Research, 1(4),  497.

Dolliver, Robert et. al.  (1976). Applications of the person perception inventory. Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama, 29, 85-92.

Downey, R.  Note on the Kaufman and Johnson Studies of the Differential Validities of Peer Nomination Techniques (J APP PsyC, 60, April 1975, 245-248.

Drabman, R. et. al. Sociometric and Disruptive Behavior as a Function of Four Types of Token Reinforcement Programs (J APP BE A, 7, Spring 1974, 93-101.

Dreyer, A. et. al. (1973). Sociometric status and cognitive style in kindergarten children. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 37(2), 407.

Duffy, Trudy. (1997). Teaching the stages of group development: The classoom becomes a sculpture gallery. Journal of Teaching in Social Work, 15(1/2), 147-160.

Dunstone, S. & Zea, A. (1995). Sociometric assessment of social integration of students from diverse backgrounds at a nonresidential university. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 47 (4), 165-176.

Duhl, Bunny. (1983). Sculpture and the theater of the mind (Chapter 10, pp. 213-266). From the inside out and other metaphors. Boston: Author.

.Duhl, Bunny S. (1999). Action metaphor: Bringing what's inside out. D. J. Wiener (Ed.), Beyond talk therapy. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Duhl, Fred J., Kantor, David, & Duhl, Bunny S. (1973). Learning, space and action in family therapy: A primer of sculpture. D. A. Bloch (Ed.), Techniques of family psychotherapy: A primer (pp. 47-63). New York: Grune & Stratton. (This is the action sociogram applied to families.)

Eaton, Marc et. al.  (1978). Teacher Predictions of Sociometric Choices.Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 31, 33-40.

Eden, Donna, & Hallinan, Maureen. (1978). Sex differences in children's friendships. American Sociological Review, 43(2), 237-250.

Elbing, Eberhard. (1975). Sociogram of a classroom - work possibilities as an aid in diagnosing and modifying behavior. Muchen, Basel: Reinhardt: Study-Booklet of Psychology in Education.  German

Evans, K. M. (1962). Sociometry and education. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Faris, R. E. L. (1944). Ecological factors in human behavior. In J. Mc V. Hunt. (Ed.) Personality and the behavior disorders (Vol. II, 736-757). New York: Ronald Press,

Fitton, M. (October, 1973). Neighborhood and voting - sociometric examination.  British Journal of Political Science, 3, 445.

Forsyth, Elaine, and Katz, L. (1946). A matrix approach to the analysis of sociometric data. Sociometry, 9 (4), 340-347.

Foster, Caxton and W. Horvath. (A study of a large sociogram in reciprocal choice probabilities as a measure of social distance. Behavioral Science 16, 429-435.

Franz, J.  G. (July, 1939). Spontaneity training in public speaking: a preliminary report, Sociometry, 2 (3). ? pg

Franz, J. G. (Oct. 1939). Survey of sociometric techniques.  Sociometry, 2 (4) 76-92.

Franz, J. G. (Jan., 1940) "The Place of Psychodrama in Research," Sociometry, 3 (1), ?pg.

Franz, J.  G. (Feb., 1942). The psychodrama and interviewing. American Sociological  Review, 7 (1) ? Pg

Freeman, Linton. (May, 1978). Segregation in social networks. Sociological Methods and Research, 6 (4),  411-429.

French, R. L. & Mensh, I. N.  (1948). Some relationships between interpersonal judgments and sociometric status in a college group. Sociometry, 11, 335-345.

Fybish, Ira.  (1964). A study of the difficulties encountered in negative criteria for sociometric testing. International Journal of Sociometry and Sociatry, 4  (1-2), 37-42.

Gade, Eldon.  (December 1977). Innovative uses of sociometry in elementary school counseling. Elementary School Guidance, 12  (2), 133-136.

Galvin, Kathleen M.  (1981) Sociometric approaches within the family communication course. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 34, 18-23.

Garbarino, James et. al.  (December, 1978). The social maps of children approaching adolescence: studying the ecology of youth development. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 7 (4), December 1978, 417-428 .

Gerber, P.  (1977). Awareness of handicapping conditions and sociometric status in an integrated preschool setting. Mental Retardation, 15  (3), 24-25.

Granovetter, M.  (May 1976). Network sampling: some first steps. American Journal of Sociology, 81, 1287-1303.

Gronlund, N. E.  (1953). The relative stability of classroom social status with unweighted and weighted sociometric choices. Sociometry, 16, 345-353.

Gronlund, N. E.  (1959). Sociometry in the classroom. New York: Harper & Row.

Grundy, D. and S. Wilson. (1973)  Diagnosis and planning of a community residence - sociometric study. Small Group. 4 (2) , 206-?

Guldner, Claude, & Stone-Winestock, Penny.  (1995). The use of sociometry in teaching at the university level. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 47 (4), 177-185.

Hafnerra, W.  (1974). Group dynamics in milieu oriented inpatient service - sociometric long-term study. Social Psychiatry,  9 (1), 13.

Hale, Ann E.  (1974). Warm-up to a sociometric exploration. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 27, 157-172.

Hale, Ann E.  (1975). The role diagram expanded. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 28, 77-104 .

Hale, Ann E.  (1985). Conducting clinical sociometric explorations: A manual for psychodramatists and sociometrists. Roanoke, VA: Author.  (!* This is the best review of the method presently available. Strongly recommended.) Check where to get it.)

Hale, Ann E.  (1987). New developments in sociometry. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 40, 119-123.

Hale, Ann E. (1989) Sociometry and social chaos. In P. Sternberg & A. Garcia (authors & editors), Sociodrama: Who's in your shoes? New York, Praeger, p. 174-175.

Hale, Ann E. &  Little, Donna (2004). Sociometric processing of action events (2nd ed). Riner, VA. International Sociometry Training Institute.

Hale, Ann E. (2007 - Present Time): Beginning around 2007, Ann Hale opened a website for the International Sociometry Training Network, which is probably the most up-to-date source for current materials. She also has posted a number of brief papers that you can read and even download free. There are too many to list here, but click on this link to look them over.

Hale, Ann E. (December, 2009). Moreno's sociometry: exploring interperonal connection. Group: the Journal of the Eastern Group Psychotherapy Society, 33 (4), 347- 358,

Hallinan, Maureen, & Felmlee, D.  (1975). Analysis of intra-sensitivity in sociometric data  Sociometry, 38  (2), 195-212.

Hallinan, Maureen. (Oct. 1976).  Friendship patterns in open and traditional classrooms. Sociology of Education?, 49, 254-265 .

Hallinan, M., &  McFarland, D.  (1975). Higher order stability conditions in mathematical models of sociometric or cognitive structure. Journal of Mathematical Sociology , 4 (1), 131-148.

Hallinan, M. and A. Sorensen.  (1973). Measuring transitivity in sociometric networks  (Working Paper 73-19, Center for Demography and Ecology, University of Wisconsin at Madison, 1973) .

Hallinan, M.   (1974). Structural model of sentiment relations. American Journal of Sociology, 80, 364-378.

Haltorn, Carl.  A sociometric evaluation of the continuum of special education services design  (Penn State, Dissertation, 1972).

Hare, A. Paul.  (1992). Moreno's sociometric study at the Hudson School for Girls. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 45 (1), 24-39.

Hart, Joe W.  (1968). Master’s theses in sociometry, U.S. 1935-1964. International Journal of Sociometry & Sociatry  (Handbook of Sociometry), 5  (3-4), 90-115.  (Over 300 references!)

Hart, Joe W.  (1971). Socioeconomic sociometry and socio-econometry: Moreno's sociodynamic effect revisited. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 14-22 .

Hart, Joe W.  (1976a). Doctoral dissertations in sociometry. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 29, 75-84.

Hart, Joe W.   (1976b). Identifying ways of distinguishing "choice activity" from "closure movements" when administering pictorial sociometric techniques  (PST) to the mentally retarded. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 29, 121-126.

Hart, Joe W.  (1980). An outline of basic postulates of sociometry. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 33, 63-70.

Hart, Joe W.  (1978). Possible uses of fugitive materials: selected applications in sociometry. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 31, 174-183.

Hart, Joe W. et. al.  (1973). Research findings having implications for processes of administering sociometric techniques to the mentally retarded. Handbook of International Sociometry, 7, 14-28.

Hart, Joe W., & Nath, Raghu.  (1979). Sociometry in business and industry: new developments in historical perspective. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 32, 128-149.

Haskell, Martin.  (1975). Socioanalysis:  Self-Direction via Sociometry and Psychodrama. Long Beach, CA:  Role Training Associates.

Hautaluo., J. and Scott, W. (1973). Values and Sociometric Choices of Incarcerated Juveniles. Journal of Social Psychology, 91 (2),  229 .

Heinrich, P.  (1973). Sex preferences in sociometric selection in school classes. Zeitschrift fur Entwicklungspsychologie und Padagogische Psychologie, 5  (1), 42. German

Heller, Otto and Hans Kruger.  (1974). Direct Scaling in Sociometry. Psychologische Beitraege, 16 (2), 203-226. German

Herriott,  Frances. (October, 1940). Diagnostic Examination of Patients on the Psychodramatic Stage. Sociometry, 3 (4)  ? pg.
Herriott, Francis & Hagan, Margaret. (May, 1941). The Theatre for Psychodrama at St. Elizabeths Hospital. Sociometry, 4 (2), ?pg.

Hodgskin, Philip T. (1941). Group catharsis, with special emphasis upon the psychopathology of money.  Sociometry, 4, (2) ?pg.

Hoffman, Chris,  Wilcox, L., Gomez, E. & Hollander, C. (1992).  Sociometric Applications in a Corporate Environment, Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 45, 3-16.

Hoffman, Chris (2001). Introduction to Sociometry. Retrieved 6/21/11 from

Holland, Paul and Leinhardt, S.  (1974). Measurement error in sociometry. In H.M. Blalock  (ed.), Measurement in the Social Sciences. Chicago: Aldine, 187-211.

Holland, Paul and Leinhardt, S.  (1973). The structural implications of measurement error in sociometry. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 3 (1), 85-111 .

Holland, Paul and Leinhardt, S.   (1977). A dynamic model for social networks. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 5  (1), 5-20.

Holland, Paul and Leinhardt, S.  (1970).  A method  for detecting structure in sociormetric data. American Journal of Sociology, 75, 492-513.

Hollander, Carl and Sharon Hollander. (Winter, 1973). Sensorsheet  (Boulder, CO:  Earth Science Education Program, , 4-6.

Hollander, Carl E.  (1978). An introduction to sociogram construction. Denver: Snow Lion Press.

Hollander, Sharon.  (1974). Social Atom: An alternative to imprisonment. Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama, 26, 173-183.

Horowitz, Eugene L. (1942). A saturation point test for the study of race attitudes. Sociometry, 4? ?pg

House, Reese.  (1970). The effects of nondirective group play therapy upon the sociometric status and self concept of selected second grade children.  (Oregon State University, Dissertation, 1970.)

Hubert, Lawrence, & Baker, F.  (1978). Evaluating the conformity of sociometric measurements. Psychometrika, 43 (1), 31-41.

Hunter, John E.   (1978). Dynamic sociometry. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 6 (1), 87-138.

Howell, Charles E. (May, 1942). Measurement of leadership. Sociometry, 5 (2) ? pg.

Howie, P. (July, 2010). Using sociodrama and sociometry to create group environments. In: The Group Psychologist (the online journal of the Society of Group Psychology and Group Psychotherapy---a newsletter of Division 49 of the American Psychological Association), Volume 20, No. 2., pp 11-14.

Hunter, John E., & Shetland, R.  (March, 1974). Treating data collected by the small world method as a Markov process. Social Forces, 52, 321-332.

Hutton, J.B. and L. Polo.  (1976). Sociometric study of learning disability children and type of teaching strategy. Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama, 29, 1976, 113-120 .

Iano, Richard et. al.  (1974). Sociometric status of retarded children in an integrative program. Exceptional Children, 40 (4), 267-271.

Imoda, Franco, & Rulla, L.M..  (1978). Sociometric differentiation and self in male religious vocationers. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 31, 20-32.

Infeld, Heinrich (1940). The aged in the process of ethnic assimilation. Sociometry, 3 (4) ?pg. .

Infeld, H. (1942). Social control in a cooperative society. Sociometry, 4?.

Inkeles, A. (1946). Developments of sociometry, the war years. 1941-1945. Sociometry, 9 (4), 379-382.

Irving, H.  (1977). Social networks in the modern city. Social Forces, 55, 867-880.

Jacoby, J.  (Spring, 1974). Construct validity of opinion leadership. Public Opinion Quarterly, 38, 81-89.

Jenkner, E. & Gurich, W..  (1976). Usefulness of cohesion measurements and tension measurements in sociometric tests  (Psychotherapie und Medizinische Psychologie MP, 26 (1), 12-22.

Jennings, Helen H. (1934). Sociometric studies (a supplement to J. L. Moreno’s, Who Shall Survive?)    (See Below).

Jennings, H. H. (1936). Control study of sociometric assignment. Sociometric Review, New York State Training School for Girls, Hudson, N.Y.

Jennings, H. H. (1936). Advances in sociometric technique,  Sociometric Review, New York State Training School for Girls, Hudson, NY.

Jennings, H. H. (July-Oct. 1937). Structure of leadership development and sphere of influence. Sociometry, 1 (1)  99-143.

Jennings, H. H. (Jan-Apr 1938). Statistics of social configurations. Sociometry, 1 (2), ?pg.

Jennings, H. H. (Oct. 1939). Quantitative aspects of tele-relationships in a community.  Sociometry, 2 (4) ? Pg

Jennings, H. H. (Aug. 1941). Sociometry and social theory.  American Sociological Review, 6 (4), 512-522

Jennings, H. H. (May, 1942). Experimental evidence on the social atom at two time points.  Sociometry, 5 (2) ? Pg

Jennings, Helen H. (1943). Sociometry and democracy unlimited. Sociometry, 6 (3), 293-298.

Jennings, Helen Hall. (1943) Leadership and isolation. New York: Longmans, Green. (2nd ed. 1950)

Jennings, H. H.  (?)  Sociometric study of emotional and social expansiveness at the adolescent age level,  in the Section On Social Behavior in Child Behavior and Development, Edited by Barker, Roger G., Kounin, Jacob S., & Wright, Herbert F. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Jennings, Helen H. (1947). Sociometric differentiation of the psychegroup and the sociogroup. Sociometry, 10 (1), 71-79

Jennings, Helen Hall.  (1950). Leadership and isolation  (2nd ed.). New York: Longmans, Green.
       (1st ed., 1943), reviewed in Sociometry 6  (4), 450-453, 1943)

Jennings, Helen Hall.  (1959). Sociometry in group relations: A manual for teachers  (2nd ed.). Washington, DC: American Council on Education.  (Also from Greenwood, a 1973 reprint 2nd ed.).

Jennings, H. H. with Moreno, J. L. (1936). Spontaneity training: a method of personality development.  Sociometric Review, New York State Training School for Girls, Hudson, NY.

Jennings, H. H., Moreno, J. L., & Sargent, Joseph. (Jan. 1940). Time as a quantitative index of interpersonal relations.  Sociometry, 3 (1) ? Pg.

Johnson, Alvin D. (July, 1939). An attempt at a change in inter-personal relations. Sociometry, 2 (3) 43-48.

Johnson, A. D. (1939). Sociometric testing with summer camps.  Mimeographed at Brown University, Providence, RI.

Jones, Diana. (2001). Sociometry in team and organisational development. The British Journal of Psychodrama & Sociodrama. 16, 69-78.

Jones, Diana. (2006). Sociometry and social network analysis: Applications and implications. Australian & New Zealand Psychodrama Association Journal, 15, 76-85.

Jones, Diana. (2006) (Retrieved 6/21/2011): A rich complex of good webpages and descriptions about applied sociometry, including:

Kafer, N.F.  (1976). Sociometric method for identifying group boundaries.  Journal of Experimental Education, 45  (1), 71-74.

Kandel, Denise.  (1978). Homophily, selection and socialization in adolescent friendships. American Journal of Sociology, 84  (2), 427-436.

Kaplan, Henry, & Kaufman, Ira.  (1978). Sociometric status and behaviors of emotionally disturbed children. Psychology in the Schools, 15 (1) , 8-15.

Kaufman, G. and J. Johnson. (July 1974). Scaling peer ratings: an examination of the differential validities of positive and negative nominations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 302-306 .

Kaufrnann, I.  Away from me - lost to you - texts from sociometric material.  (Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie, 22 (3), 1973, 91. German

Katz, L. (1947). On the matrix analysis of sociometric data. Sociometry, 10 (3), 233-241.

Keller, R. J. (1947). A study of intrinsic factors of student leadership in selected Minnesota high schools. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis, University of Minnesota Library.

Kellerman, P.F. (1979). Transference, countertransference and tele. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 32, 38-55.

Kelly, Gerard R. & Edwards, Margaret.  (1980). Sociometry: a method for understnding foster care. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 33, 128-138.

Kennedy, P. et . al .(1976).  Longitudinal sociometric and cross-sectional data on mainstreaming hearing impaired children - implications for preschool programming  (VOLTA REV , 78 (2), 71-81.

Kerstetter, Leona M. & Sargent, J. (1940). Reassignment therapy in the classroom. Sociometry, 3 (3). ?pg

Killworth, Peter, & Bernard, H.  (1974). CATIJ: a new sociometry and its application to a prison living: Sociometry and its application to a unit. Human Organization, 33 (4), 1974, 335.

Killworth, Peter, & Bernard, H  (1976). Informant accuracy in social network data. Human Organization, 35, Fall 1976, 269-286 .

Kleck, Robert et . al .  Physical appearance cues and interpersonal attraction in children  (CHILD DEV, 45 (2) , June 1974, 305-310 .

Klippste, E.  (1976). Constancy of sociometric choices in pre-school classes. Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht , 23 (4), 197-204. German.

Knapp, A., & Schindle, U.  (1976).  Effect of sociometric statusand group structure to efficiency  Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht , 23 (3) ,1976, 177-181 .

Kosemihal, N. S.  (1959). Sociometry and cybernetics. Group Psychotherapy, 12, 102-109.

Kuethe, J.L.  (1975). Mapping into a structure: a method for studying social cognition  (Psychological Reports, 37, 1279-1283.

Kuhlen, R. G., and Bretsch, H. S. (1947). Sociometric status and personal problems of adolescents. Sociometry, 10 (2), 123-132.

Kumar V. Krishna, & Treadwell, Thomas.  (1985). Practical sociometry for psychodramatists. West Chester, PA: Authors.

Lai, Nien-Hwa. (2005). How to use the sociometry in group psychotherapy (in Taiwanese Chinese)  The Journal of Guidance and Counseling, 232, 45-49 (Part 1) and 233, 42-45.

Langeheine, Rolf.  (1977).  Measures of social proximity and their use in sociometrie research  (Zeitschrift fur Soziologie, 6  (2), 189-202. German

Langeheine, Rolf.  (1978). Computer aided data analysis in sociometry.  Educational and Psychological Measurement, 38 (1), 1978, 189-191. German

Langeheine, Rolf.  (1978).  Structural stability - new approach to the assessment of reliability in.. sociometry.  Psychologische Beitraege, 20 (4), 571-588.  German

Lankforcl, P.M.  (1974). Comparative analysis of clique identification. Sociometry, 37 (2), 287.

Lannoy, J.D., & Leyn, G.  (1973). Body movements and sociometric status in male adolescents. Psychologische Beitraege, 13 (3), 1973, 239.  French

Lauer, R.H.  Generation Gap as Sociometric Choice YOUTH SOC, 5 (2), 1973, 227.

Levin, Martin I,.  Displaying Sociometric Structures -Application of Interactive Computer Graphics for Instruction and Analysis SIMULAT GAM, 7 (3), 1976, 295-310.

Levin, J., & Chen, M..  (1977). Sociometric choices in ethnically heterogeneous classes. Megamot, 23 (3-4), 189-205.  Hebrew

Lewis, Michael.  (1970). A study of the relative effects of counseling and consultation upon personal and socia] adjustment, sociometric status and achievement oriented behavior of third grade children University of Michigan, Dissertation.

Lily, Martin.  (1970). An exploratory study of methods for improving social acceptance of children of low sociometric status and low academic achievement. George Peabody College for Teachers. Dissertation

Linton, R. (1947). Concepts of role and status  (pp. 367-370). In T. M. Newcomb and E. L. Hartley, (Ed.) Readings in Social Psychology. New York: Henry Holt.

Lindzey, Gardner, & Borgatta, Edgar E  (1954). Sociometric measurement. G. Lindsey  (Ed.), Handbook of social psychology  (Chapter 11). Cambridge, MA: Addison-Wesley.

Lindzey, G. & Byrne, D. (1968). Measurement of social choice and interpersonal attractiveness. In G. Lindzey & E. Aronson (Eds.), The handbook of social psychology (2nd ed.), vol 2. (Pp: 452-485). Reading, MA: Addison-Wesley

Livesay, Kelland. Sociometric Criteria of Choice and Personal-Social Adjustment Indiana State University, Dissertation, 1971.

Loomis, Charles P. (Sept., 1937). Extra-familial relationships in American settlements," Read before the International Congress of Sociology,  Paris.

Loomis, C. P. (Dec., 1938). The development of planned rural communities.  Rural Sociology, 3 (4) ? Pg.

Loomis, C. P. (Oct, 1939). Informal Social Participation in the Planned Rural Communities.  Sociometry, 2 (4), ? Pg

Loomis, C. P.(January, 1940). Social Relationships and Institutions in Seven New Rural Communities, Social Report No. Xvm, , U.s. Department of Agriculture.

Loomis, C. P. (Feb. 1941). Informal groupings in a spanish-american village," Sociometry,  4 (1), with Discussion  by Taylor, Carl C.

Loomis, C. P., &  Davidson, Dwight M., Jr. (Oct. 1938).  Standards of living of the residents of seven rural resettlement communities, Social Research  Report No. Xi,  U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Loomis, C. P. (Jan, 1939). Sociometrics and the study of new rural communities. Sociometry, 2 (1) ? Pg

Loomis, C. P. (July 1939). Social Agencies in the Planned Rural Communities.   Sociometry, 2 (3) ? Pg.

Loomis, C. P. (1946). Political and occupational cleavages in a Hanoverian village. Sociometry, 9 ( 4), 316-333.

Loomis, C. P., & Leonard, Olen E. (Aug, 1938). Standards of Living in an Indian-mexican Village and on a Reclamation Project, Social Research Report No. Xiv,  U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Loomis, C. P., & Davidson, D. M., Jr. (1939).  Measurement of the dissolution of in-groups in the integration of a rural settlement project. Sociometry, 2, 1939, 84-94.
Loomis, C. P., Beegle, J. A., & Longmore, T. W. (1948). Critique of class as related to social stratification. Sociometry Monographs, No. 19
Lucas-Yates, Lauren.  The Use of... Sociometry as an Identifier of Research Sample for Psychological Treatment and Quantifier of Change among Second Grade Students Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 29, 1976, 102-110.
Lundberg, George A.  (Oct. 1936). The Sociography of Some Community Relations," American Sociological Review, 1 (5).

Lundberg, George A. (Aug. 1937). A Review of J. L. Moreno’s, "Who Shall Survive?"   American Sociological Review, 2 (4) ? Pg

Lundberg, George A. (July-Oct, 1937). Social Attraction-patterns in a Rural Village: A Preliminary Report," Sociometry, 1 (1)

Lundberg, George A. (1939). Foundations of Sociology. New York: Macmillan Co.(Pp. Xx-556).

Lundberg, George A. (Feb, 1940). Measurement of socioeconomic status," American Sociological Review, 5 (1) ? Pg

Lundberg, George A (Feb. 1941). Societal pathology and sociometry," Sociometry, 4 (1),   ? pg.

Lundberg, George A. (Feb. 1941).  Editorial, Sociometry, 4 (1). ?pg.

Lundberg, G. A. (1942). Social research, a study in methods of gathering data. New York, London & Toronto: Longmans, Green. (a 413.-page book.)

Lundberg, G. A. &  Steele, Mary. (Jan-April, 1938). Social Attraction-patterns in a village. Sociometry, 1 (2), 375-419.

Mabe, Paul, & Williams, J.(1975). Relation of racial attitudes to sociometric choices among second grade children. Psychological Reports, 37 (2), 547-554.

Macbeth, Alastair. (May 1975). Reservations about Harper's reliability measures of sociometric acceptance and rejection. Scottish Educational Studies,  7 (1), 27-29.

Mbaeyi, P. (October 1976). Operational model to distribute a nation's health services impact.  Science and Society, 26, 277-290.

McBrien, Robert (1971). Analysis of two group strategies to change the sociometric status of unpopular primary grade pupils.  University of Connecticut, Dissertation.

McCaffery, Leonard.  (1976) Use of sociometric techniques with mentally retarded and learning disabled children. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 29, 111-112.

McGuire, J.  (1973). Aggression and sociometric status with preschool children. Sociometry, 36 (4), 542.

McPherson, M., Smith-Lovin, L. and Brashears, M. (2006) Social Isolation in America: Changes in core discussion networks over two decades. American Sociological Review, 71, 353-375.
McSeveney, Dennis.  (1972). Hierarchy in interpersonal relations: a sociometric analysis.  Emory University, Dissertation

Mead, Margaret.  (1952). Some relations between cultural anthropology and sociometry. Sociometry, 15  (4), 312-318.

Meile, R.  (1973). Cartesian coordinate system as metric space for sociometric data-graphic presentation of group structures and derivation of sociometric index. Zeitschrift fur Sozialpsychologie, 4 (4), 333.

Meile, R.  (1976). Sociometric Status and scholastic Achievements of Guest Workers Children Results of a Methodological Case Study. Psychologische Beitraege, 18 (3), 1976, 354-371.  German

Mendelson, Peter D.  (1977). Sociometry as a life philosophy. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry, 30, 70-85.

Mendelson, Peter.  (June, 1977). Rethinking... Sociometry:  Toward the Reunification of Theory, Philosophy, Methodology and Praxis. Dissertation Abstracts, 37 (12-A, Part 1), 8011-8012
Mendelson, P. (1989). The sociometric vision. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 42(3), 138-147.

Messinger, H.B.  Analytic Derivation of Sociometric Dimensions  (SOCIO ECON, 11 (6), 1977, 323-330.

Metcalf, Ann.  (1979).  Family reunion: networks and treatment in a native american community. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 31, 179-189.

Meyer,  Adolf. (May, 1941) Spontaneity. Sociometry, 4 (2) ? Pg

Milcic-Graham, Diane.  (1979). Measurement,... Sociometry and Some Developmental Implications. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 31, 117-121.

Miller, Delbert C. (Aug., 1941). The measurement of national morale. American Sociological Review, 6 (4). ?pg

Miller, Delbert C. (April, 1942). The national morale of american college students in 1941. American Sociological Review, 7 (2), ?pg

Monteiro, A.M. & de Carvalho, E.R. (1990). Learning through psychodrama and sociometry: Two university experiences. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 43(2), 85-88.

Moreno, Florence B. (1946). Combining role and sociometric testing: a methodological approach. Sociometry, 9 (2-3), 155-161.

Moreno, J. L. (1931). (In Collaboration with  E   Stagg Whitin) (1931). A plan for the socialization of a community. National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor, New York.

Moreno, J. L. (1932).  (In Collaboration with E. Stagg Whitin) (1932). Application of the group method in classification. New York: National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor.

Moreno, J. L.  (1933). Psychological organization of groups in the community. Handbook of mental deficiency  (pp 5-35). Boston: Association for Mental Deficiency. .

Moreno, J. L.  (1934). Who shall survive? A new approach to the problem of human interrelations. Washington, D.C.: Nervous and Mental Disease Publishing Co.  (See Moreno, 1953b, below.)
     This 437 page book was the seminal text in sociometry!

Moreno, J. L. (1935). Organization of the social atom. Sociometric Review, New York State Training School for Girls, Hudson, NY.

Moreno, J. L. (1935). A plan for re-grouping of communities,"  Ibid.

Moreno, J. L.  (1937). Interpersonal therapy and the psychopathology of interpersonal relations. Sociometry, 1 (1), 9-76.

Moreno, J. L.  (1937). Sociometry in relation to other social sciences. Sociometry, 1  (2), 206-219.  (Reprinted in Sociometry, 13, 63-75  (1950).

Moreno, J. L. (June, 1938). The racial saturation point in the american community. Read Before the American Association for the Advancement Of Science, Ottawa.

Moreno, J. L., and Jennings, H. H. (1938). Statistics of social configurations. Sociometry, 1 (3-4), 342-374.

Moreno, J. L. (January, 1939). Psychodramatic shock therapy--a sociometric approach to the problem of mental disorders. Sociometry, 2 (2).

Moreno, J. L. (April, 1939). Creativity and the cultural conserves--with special reference to musical expression, Sociometry, 2 (2). ?pg

Moreno, J. L. (January,  1940). Psychodramatic treatment of marriage problems, Sociometry, 3 (1). ? pg

Moreno, J. L. (April, 1940). Psychodramatic treatment of psychoses. Sociometry, 3 (2) ? Pg

Moreno, J. L. (July, 1940). Mental catharsis and the psychodrama. Sociometry, 3 (3)

Moreno, J. L. (Oct. 1940). A frame of reference for testing the social investigator. Sociometry, 3 (4). 317-327.

Moreno, J. L.& Jennings, Helen H. (1940). Time as a quantitative index of interpersonal relations. Sociometry 3, 62-80.

Moreno, J. L.  (1941). Foundations of sociometry. Sociometry, 4  (1), 15-35.

Moreno, J. L.  (1941). The advantages of the sociometric approach to the problems of national defense. Sociometry, 4  (4),  384-391.

Moreno, J. L. (Nov., 1941). The prediction and planning of success in marriage. Marriage and Family Living, 3 (4),   ? Pg.

 Moreno, J. L. (May, 1942). Foundation of the sociometric institute. Sociometry, 5 (2)    ?pg

Moreno, J. L. (1943). Sociometry and the cultural order. Sociometry, 6 (3), 299-344.

Moreno, J. L., & Jennings, Helen H. (1944). Sociometric methods of grouping and regrouping: with reference to authoritative and democratic methods of grouping. Sociometry, 7 ( 4), 397-414 (reprinted from Sociometric Review, February 1936.)

Moreno, J. L. (1945). Sociometry, Comtism and Marxism. Sociometry, 8, (2), 117-119.

Moreno, J. L.  (1947). Organization of the social atom. Sociometry, 10  (4), 287-293.

Moreno, J. L.  (1949). Origins and foundations of interpersonal theory, sociometry and microsociology. Sociometry, 12  (3), 235 - 254.

Moreno, J. L.  (1952). Current trends in sociometry. Sociometry, 15  (1-2),  146-163.

Moreno, J. L.  (1953a). Kurt Lewin and the question of paternity. Group Psychotherapy, 5 (1-2), 1-4.

Moreno, J. L.  (1953b). Who shall survive? Foundations of sociometry, group psychotherapy and sociodrama  (2nd ed.). Beacon, NY: Beacon House.  (Revised and expanded version of 1934 1st ed.)

Moreno, J. L.  (1955). Contributions of sociometry to research methodology in sociology.  (pp. 99-107). In: A. Paul Hare, Edgar F. Borgatta, & Robert F. Bales  (Eds.), Small groups: Studies in social interaction.

Moreno, J.L. (1956). The sociometric school and the science of man. Sociometry, 18(4), 271-291.

Moreno, J. L.  (Ed.).  (1960?).  Sociometry and the science of man. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Moreno, J. L.  (1972). Psychodrama, Vol. 1.  (4th ed.) Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Moreno, J. L.  (with Moreno, Z. T.)  (1959). Psychodrama, Vol 2. Beacon, NY: Beacon House.

Moreno, J. L.  (1960). The sociometry reader. Beacon, NY: Beacon House..

Moreno, J.L.  (1970). The triadic system: psychodrama, sociometry, group psychotherapy. Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama, 23, 16.

Moreno, J.L., & Moreno, Z.T.  (1976). Sociometric view of recent history - rise and fall of leadership. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 29, 63-69 .

Moreno, Z.T. (1954). Sociogenesis of individuals and groups. In J.L. Moreno, et al. (eds.), The international handbook of group psychotherapy. New York: Philosophical Library. pp231-242.

Moreno, Z.T. (1978). Psychodrama. In H. Mullan & M. Rosenbaum (Eds.), Group Psychotherapy (2nd Ed.). New York: The Free Press.

Moreno, Z.T. (1987). Psychodrama, role theory, and the concept of the social atom. In J. Zeig (Ed.), The evolution of psychotherapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Moreno, Z. T. (2000). The function of "tele" in human relations.  In J. Zeig 9ed.), The evolution of psychotherapy: A meeting of the minds. Phoeniz, AZ: Erickson Foundation  Press.  (also in edited collection of Zerka Moreno's articles, "The Quintessential Zerka," edited by T. Horvatin & E. Schreiber. Routledge, 2006.)

Morris, Marvin.  (1972).  Relationships among sociometric status prognosis and selected personality variables of state hospital patients. North Texas State University, Dissertation.

Moxley, R. & Moxley, N.  (March 1974). Determining point-centrality in uncontrived social networks. Sociometry, 37, 122-130.

Mueller, Barbara and Penny MacElveen-Hoehn.  (1979). The use of network concepts in an educational model. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama &. Sociometry, 32, 166-172.

Mullins, Nicholas et. al.  (1977). The group structure of co-citation clusters:  a comparative study. American Sociological Review, 42 (4), 552-562.

Murdock, G. P. (1941). Anthropology and human relations. Sociometry, 4 (1), 140-149.

Murray, C.  (December 1971). Sociometry and athletic status of adolescents, critical review of research literature. Perceptual & Motor Skills, 33 (3), 1143-1150.

Musil, J. V.  (1974). Use of... Sociometry in Sociotherapy of Alcoholics. Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 18 (5), 1974, 422.  Cesk  (Czech).

Musil, J.V.  (1976). Contribution to... sociometry of teaching staff  (Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 20 (4), 330-337.  Ceck.

Musil, J.V., & Musilova,  M..  (1976). Long term investigation of school classes with l-j sociornetric method  (Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 20 (5), 446-450. Cesk.

Musil, J.V.  (1979). Sociometric technology - interpretation and analysis of social relations in small groups. Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 23 (3), 250-251.  Cesk.

Myers, Eddie.  (1970).  Classroom sociometric analysis. Cleveland, OH:  Educational Research Council of America, Child Educational Psychology Program.

Nance, Jane, & Wright, A.  (1977). A sociometric study of a psychiatric in-patient group:  implications for therapy. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 30, 114-121.

Nash, R.  (1973). Clique formation among primary secondary school children. British Journal of Sociology, 24, 303-313.

Newburger, Doris.  (1971). Sociometrics: a tool for speech classes at an open admissions college. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 34-37.

Newburger, Howard.  (1971). Enforced college attendance for the police. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6,  31-33.

Nezol , Anthony.  (1972). The sociometric status, recreational activity choices, and physical education of integrated blind students. University of North Colorado, Dissertation.

Nehnevajsa, Jiri. (1956). Sociometry: Decades of growth. In J.L. Moreno (Ed.), Sociometry & the science of man. Beacon, NY: Beacon House. pp.48-95.

Noma, E. et. al.  (1978). Fortran-4 Program for Analysis of Small Group Sociometric Structure. Behavior Research Methods & Instrumentation, 10 (1), 60-62 .

Northway, M. L (1940). A method of depicting social relations obtained by sociometric testing. Sociometry, 3.

Northway, M. L. (May, 1942). Social acceptability test. Sociometry, 5 (2), pp...

Northway, Mary L. (1945). Personality and sociometric status, a review of the Toronto studies. Sociometry, 9 (2-3), 233-241.

Northway, Mary L.  (1944). Outsiders. Sociometry, 7  (1), 10-25.

Northway, Mary,  L., and Potashin, R. (1946). Mental hygiene test. Sociometry, 9 (1),

Northway, Mary L.  1946  sociometry and some challenging problems of social relationships. Sociometry, 9, No. 2-3,, 187-198.

Northway, Mary L, and Wigdor, Blossom T. (1947). Rorschach patterns related to the sociometric status of school children. Sociometry, 10 (2), 186-199.

Northway, Mary L. (1951). A note on the use of target sociograms. Sociometry, 14 (2-3), 235-236.

Northway, Mary L.  (1967) A primer of sociometry  (2nd ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Northway, Mary. (1971). Long term sociometric characteristics of children. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6,  23-30.

Northway, Mary. (January, 1971). The sociometry of society: some facts and fancies. Canadian Journal of Behavioral Science, 3 (1), 18-36.

Northway, Mary.  (1971). Long term sociometric characteristics of children. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 23-30.

Northway, Mary L.& Quarrington, B. (1946). Depicting intercultural relations. Sociometry, 9 (4), 334-339.

Northway, Mary L. & Weld, Lindsay. (1957). Sociometric testing: a guide for teachers. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Osdol , Van, & Max, Bob.  (1972). The sociometric status of educable mentally retarded students in regular school classes. University of Idaho, Dissertation.

Pack, Peggy, & McCaffrev, L.  (1976). A sociometric technique for use with moderately to severely retarded persons. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 29, 127-129.

Passariello, Neil M., & Newnes, Craig.  (1988). The clinical application of a sociometric test in a therapeutic community: A case study. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 40 (4), 169-184.

Pathak, R.  (1974). Adjustment level of sociometrically selected groups of peers. Psychological Studies, 19 (2), 130.

Patterson, Nelton.  (1977). A review of some sociometric placement techniques used in a study of a home for dependent and neglected children. Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 30, 138-141.

Patzer, G.L.  (1976). Application of sociometric method in business. Psychology, 13 (3), 52-56.

Peaucelle, J.  (1975). Dyadic models in... sociometry. Mathematiques et Sciences Humaines, 48, 5-19 .

Peay, E.  (March, 1974). Hierarchical clique structures. Sociometry, 37, 54-65.

Peery, J., & Toney, M.  (1979). Sociometric status and parent reports of temperament in preschool children. Journal of Psychology, 102 (1) , 97-99.

Pekarik, E. et. al.  (1976). Pupil evaluation inventory, sociometric technique for assessing children’s social behavior. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 4  (1), 83-97.

Peretti, P.  (January, 1977). Closet friendships of black college students: structural characteristics. Human Relationsions, 30, January 1977, 43-51.

Petillon, H. and J. Wagner.   (1979). Sociometric status and self concept. Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht, 26 (2), 72-33. German

Piercy, Fred and Susan Piercy.  (1971). Interpersonal attraction as a function of propinquity in two sensitivity groups. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 59-63 .

Pluckhan, Margaret.  (1973). An investigation of sociometric choices in various behavioral settings. Handbook of International Sociometry, 7, 43-51 .

Portuondo, Juan.  (1971). The Sociometric Test. Madrid: Biblioteca Nueva.  Spanish

Prinz, R. et. al.  (1978). Assess adjustment scales for sociometric evaluation of secondary school students. Journal of Abnormal and Child Psychology, 6 (4), 493-501.

Pulkowski, H.  (1973). Conflict and sociometric status play theoretical studies in children from 30 elementary school classes in 6th to 8th school year. Archives fur Psychologie, 125 (2-3), 113.  German

Remer, Rory.  (1995). Using strong sociometry as an interpersonal feedback tool. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 48 (2), 69-83.

Rogers, D.  (1974). Sociometric analysis of interorganizational relations - application of theory and measurement. Rural Sociology, 39 (4), 487-503.

Roistacher, Richard.  (1974). Microeconomic model of sociometric choice. Sociometry, 37 (2), 219.

Review of Mathematical Methods in Sociometry.  (Sociological Methods and Research, 3 (2), 1974, 123-171.

Rosenthal, Bernard and Alton Delong.  (1971). Complementary leadership and spatial arrangement of group members Handbook of International Sociometry, 6,  38-58.

Sade, D.  Sociometrics of macaca-mulatta linkages and cliques in grooming matrices  (FOL PRIMAT, 18 (3-4), 1972, 196.

Sanders, Irwin T. (Oct., 1939). Sociometric work with a Bulgarian woodcutting group. Sociometry, 2 (4) ?pg 

Sargent, Joseph. (July, 1940): A Review of Mary L. Northway’s book, Appraisal of the social development of children at a summer camp.   Sociometry, Vol. 3 (3). ?pg.

Sargent, J.; Moreno, J. L., &  Uhl, Anita M. (Oct. 1939). Normal and abnormal characteristics of performance patterns (with special reference to the duration of spontaneous states). Sociometry, 2 (4), 38-57.
Sargent, Joseph; Moreno, J. L., & Jennings, Helen H. (Jan. 1940). Time as a quantitative index of inter-personal relations. Sociometry, 3 (1). ?pg 

Sargent. Joseph,  with Kerstetter, Leona M. (July, 1940). Re-assignment Therapy in the Classroom as a Preventive Measure in Juvenile Delinquency. Sociometry, 3 (3), ?pg

Schaefer, C. and J. Higgins.  Note on relationship between comfortable interpersonal distance scale and sociometric status of enotionally disturbed children  (Journal of Genetic Psychologyhodrama and SociometryY, 128 (1), 1976, 91-93.

Schiller, Richard. (1972).  The formation of biology laboratory teams by a sociometric method  (University of Kansas, Dissertation) .

Schmidt, J.  Factorial relationships of measures of perceived level of psychopathology and sociometric choice  (J CL1N PsyC, 34 (3), 1978, 715-717.

Schofield, L. et. al.  (1974). Operant approaches to group therapy and effects on sociometric status. Psychological Reports, 35  (1), 83.

Schutzenberger, Anne.  (1971). Introduction to industrial sociometry. Paris: Editions Universitaries. French

Schutzenberger, Anne.  (1972). Sociometry  (Paris: Editions Universitaries. French

Schwab, Reiko.  (1978). Use of a chess set: an application of psychodramatic and sociometric techniques. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 31, 1978, 41-45.

Scott, W., & Cohen, R.  (1973). Sociometric indexes of group structure. Australian Journal of Psychology, 30  (1), 41-57.

Scranton, T. and Ryckman, D.  (1979). Sociometric status of learning disabled children in an integrative program. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 12  (6), 402-407.

Seabourne, Barbara.  (1963). The action sociogram. Group Psychotherapy, 16 (3), 145-155.

Seeman, M. A  (1946). Situational approach to intra-group negro attitudes. Sociometry, 9 (2-3), 199-206.

Seeman, M.  (1946). Near-sociometric tests. Sociometry, 9 (2-3), ?

Segal, M.  (November, 1974). Alphabet and attraction: an unobtrusive measure of the effect of propinquity in a field setting  (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 30, 654-657.

Seidman, Stephen & Foster, Brian.  (1978). A graph-theoretic generalization of the clique concept  (Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 6 (1), 1978, 139-154 .

Senior, Blondell.  (1971). A sociometric study of children of different socioeconomic levels in an inter-racial interreligious camp. University of Georgia, Dissertation.

Sethu, Rao, & Bhaskaran, C.  (1978). Applications of sociometric techniques in identifying opinion leaders in two south indian villages: a methodological study. Group Psychotherapy & Psychodrama, 31, 46-50.

Sewell, William H. (1942). The development of a sociometric scale. Sociometry, 5?

Shaw, Marvin.  (February 1973). Changes in sociometric choices, forced integration of an elementary school. Journal of Social Issues, 29  (4), 143-158.

Sherman, Robert; & Fredman, Norman.  (1986). Sociometric techniques. Handbook of structured techniques in marriage and family therapy. New York: Brunner/Mazel.

Shiek, David.  (1972). Sociometric self-ranking and personality structure. Indiana State University, Dissertation

Shoobs, N. E.  (1947). Sociometry in the classroom. Sociometry, 10, 154-167.

Shulman, N.  (1976). Network analysis: a new addition to an old bag of tricks. ACTA Sociologica, 19  (4), 307-323.

Sicurelli, Ruggero.  The Sociometric Test  (Padova: Cleup, 1977.  Spanish

Siegel, Daniel J. (1999) The developing mind: Toward a neurobiology of interpersonal experience. New York, Guilford.

Siegel, Daniel J. (Speaker) (2008) The neurobiology of we. CD, 1-7 Louisville, CO, Sounds True
Singh, R.P.  Sociornetry and Interpersonal Communication. Society and Culture, 4 (1), January 1973, 21-26.

Singh, S.D.  Sociometric analysis of effects of bilateral lesions of frontal cortex on social behavior of rhesus monkeys  (India } Psychology, 51 (1), 1976, 144-160.

Singleton, Louise and S. Asher.  Sociometric ratings and social integration among third grade children in an integrated school district. Journal of Classroom Interaction, 12 (1) , December 1976, 71-82 .

Siroka, Robert.   (1971). Family constellation and sociometric status. New York University, Dissertation.
Smith, M. A. (1943). Procedure for determining expectancy of in-category selection. Sociometry, 6 (1), 68-71.

Smith, R. et. al. (1973). Correlations between trust, self-esteem, sociometric choice, and internal-external control. Psychological Reports, 32 (3), 739.

Smith, William and I. Vickers.  (Summer-Fall 1973). Sociometric choice in small group communication. Journal of Applied Communication Research, 1  (2), 97-103.

Smizek, W.  (February 1972).  Hall's professionalism scale: an empirical reassessment  (American Sociological Review, 37, 109-114.

Smolka, P.  (1977). Contribution to statistical evaluation of sociometric data.  Ceskoslovenska Psychologie, 21 (3), 242-245

Solby, Bruno. (Aug. 1941). The psychodramatic approach to marriage problems. American Sociological Review, 6 (4)   ?pg
Stam, P., &  Stam, J.  (1977).  Effect of sociometric grouping on task performance in classroom. Education, 98  (2), 246-252.

Stanley, Julian C., & Hopkins, Kenneth D.  (1972). Sociometric techniques  (pp. 403-411), in: Educational and psychological measurement and evaluation  (5th ed.). Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Stern, Etta et. al.  (April, 1974). Integrating minority and majority youth: a sociodrama group as a human relations model. Journal of Nonwhite Concerns in Personnel and Guidance, 2  (3), 146-155.

Stevens, Helen L.  (1971). The validation of a sociometric test for counselor education students. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Dissertation.

Stiles, Doris  (1973). The significant other as a determinant of positive perceptions of group process experience. University of Miami, Dissertation.

Stix, A.  (May 1974). Improved measure of structural balance. Human Relations, 27, 439-455.

Strain, Joe.  (1970). A comparison of two techniques of using sociometric data for effecting change in the sociometric status of the least preferred children in grades three through six. North Texas State University, Dissertation.

Suminas, Martha.  (1972). Facilitative skills as they relate to group experience and sociometric ratings. University of North Colorado, Dissertation.

Taba, Hilda, et al. (1947). Sociometric Work Guide for Teachers. Intergroup Education Project, American Council on Education. New York, (mimeograph)

Thomas, Jerry, et. al.  (1973). Differentiation between high and low sociometric status of sixth grade boys using selected measures of motor skills. Child Study Journal, 3  (3), 125-130.

Thomas, Marv (2004). Personal village: How to have people in your life by choice not chance. Seattle, WA, Lakeridge Press. (There is also a workbook.)

Toeman, Zerka & Moreno, J. L. (May, 1942). The group approach in psychodrama. Sociometry, 5 (2), ? Pg. .

(Tom Treadwell's articles)
   Kumar, V. K. and Treadwell, T. W.(1985).  Practical Sociometry for Psychodramatists. West Chester University, PA, The Authors.

Treadwell, Thomas W., & Leach, E. A. (1987). An introduction to the COMPSOC system: a computerized approach to processing sociometric data. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry, 40, 124-148.

Treadwell, T., Kumar, V.K., & Stein, S. (1988). A review of psychodramatic warm up techniques for children adolescents and adults. British Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama & Sociometry

Treadwell, T., Stein, S. & Leach, E. (1989). The Social Atom Test Revised. International Journal of Small Group Research, 5.  (1), 47-63.

Treadwell, T., Kumar, K., & Stein, S. (1990). A review of psychodramatic action and closure techniques for adolescents and adults. Journal of Group Psychotherapy Psychodrama and Sociometry.

Treadwell, T., & Collins, L. (1992). The Moreno Social Atom Test -R- Brief Report. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry,  45 (3.) 122-124.

Treadwell, T., Stein,S., & Leach E. (1993). The Social Networks Inventory: a diagnostic instrument measuring interpersonal relationships.  Journal of Small Group Research, 24 (2), 155-178.

Treadwell, T. , Saxton, M. (1995). Computerized Sociometric Research. West Chester University, PA. The Authors.

Treadwell, T., Sywensky, J, Litsinger, J. (1996). Effects of gender and sex type on perceived leadership abilities. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, and Sociometry, 49 (2), 76-87.

Treadwell, T., Kumar, V. K., & Collins, L. (1997) Spontaneity Scale: Reliability and Validity. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 48.

Treadwell, Thomas W., Kumar, V. K., Stein, Steven A., & Prosnick, Kevin. (1998). Sociometry: Tools for research and practice. International Journal of Action Methods, 51(1), 23-40. (Originally, in 1997, Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 22(1), 52-65.)

Treadwell, T. , Kumar, V.K., Saxton, M. (1998). Computerized Sociometry (2nd ed.). West Chester University, PA. The Authors.

Treadwell, T., Lavertue, N., Kumar, V. K., & Veeraraghavan, V. (2001). The Group Cohesion Scale-Revised: reliability and validity. International Journal of Action Methods, 54(1), 3-12.

Townes, Brenda.  (1970). Nonmetric multidimensional scaling of sociometric data. University of Washington, Dissertation.

Vandermay, James.  (1975). A perceptual social atom sociogram. Group Psychotherapy and Psychodrama, 28, 128-134.

Veerabhadraiah, V. and M. Sethu Rao.  (1971). Sociometric identification of best perceived farmers and their profiles in a Mepore village. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 9-13.

Veldman, Donald and J. Sheffield.  (Spring, 1979). The scaling of sociometric nominations. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 39  (1), 99-106 .

Vormfeld., D.  (1975). Simple sociometric test project: group perception test by Hammond and Miller. Psychologie in Erziehung und Unterricht, 22  (1), 57-61.  German

Vreeland, Francis M. (May, 1942). Social Relations in the college fraternity. Sociometry, 5 (2). ?pg

Waisman, Morton M.  (1964). Sociometric perception and self-other attitudes. International Journal of Sociometry and Sociatry, 4  (1-2), 43-50.

Walberg, Herbert et. al.  (October, 1977). An operational test of a three factor theory of classroom social participation. Psychology in the Schools, 14 (4), 508-512.

Walton, Joseph.  (June 1974). Peer perceptions of counselor effectiveness: a multiple regression approach. Counseling Education and Supervision 13  (4), 250-255.

White, H.  (December 1970). Search parameters for the small world problem. Social Forces, 49, 259-264.

White, H. et. al.  (Jan-May, 1976). Social structure from multiple networks  (blockmodels). American Journal of Sociology, 81, 730-780 and 1384-1446.

Wickler, W.  (1976).  Ethological analysis of attachment -sociometric motivational and socio-physiological aspects. Zeitschrift fur Tierpsychologie 42 (1), 12-28.  German

Wilkinson, Lee.  (1971). The relationship of sex, age, and residential proximity to the sociometric choice of students in a multi-aged and ungraded classroom. Handbook of International Sociometry, 6, 64-72 .

Williams, A. (1994). Clinical sociometry to define space in family systems. Journal of Group Psychotherapy, Psychodrama, & Sociometry, 47(3), 126-144.

Willis, R., &  Burgess, T.  (1974). Cognitive and affective balance in sociometric dyads. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 29 (1), 145.

Winship, Christopher.  (1977). Distance model for sociometric structure. Journal of Mathematical Sociology, 5 (1), 21-39.

Wolman, Shepard. (July-Oct. 1937). Sociometric planning of a new community. Sociometry, 1 (1).   ?pg.

Wood, D., Kumar, V., Treadwell., T., & Leach, E. (1998). Perceived cohesiveness and sociometric choice in ongoing  groups. International Journal of Action Methods, Psychodrama Skill Training and Role Playing. 50 (3), 122-137.

Woodard, Barbara.  (1972). The effects of group interaction on sociometric status, self-concept, and group perceptions of nursing personnel. North Texas State University, Dissertation.

Woodard, Wallace.  (1972). The effectiveness of teacher assistants in changing the sociometric status of elementary school children. Ohio State, Dissertation.

Yadava, J. et. al.  (1973). Village leadership in uttar pradesh, Society and Culture, 4 (1), 1973, 11-19.

Zeleny, Leslie Day. (Aug. 1939). Identification of social isolates," American Sociological Review,  4 (4). ? pg.

Zeleny, L. D. (Nov. 1939). Characteristics of group leaders," Sociology & Social Research, ? Vol.

Zeleny, L. D. 1939. Sociometry of morale. American Sociological Review, 4, No. 8,  (Part 1?)

Zeleny, L. D.. (Dec. 1940).  ? part 2? Sociometry of morale. American Sociological Review, 5 (6)..

Zeleny, L. D. (1941). Status: its measurement and control in education. Sociometry, 4 (2), 193-204.

Zeleny, L. D. (1947).  Selection of compatible flying partners. American Journal of Sociology, 52(5), 424-431.

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