Photo Directory of Psychodramatists
(Historical Figures, Part 1)

(Scanned on by Adam Blatner, from a directory published by the Moreno Institute in 1974.)
 Posted June 2, 2003.    To return to the general psychodrama directory, go to Index
Listed below are photos of J.L. Moreno, Zerka T. Moreno, Doris Twitchell Allen, Eya Fechin Branham, James Enneis, Anne Ancelin-Schutzenberger, Gretel Leutz, Marcia Karp, Hannah Weiner, G. Douglas Warner, Martin Haskell, Leon Fine, Neville Murray,  & Adaline Starr.

   Further historical figures: Click Here. 

  J. L. Moreno, M.D. (1889-1974)

Inventor of psychodrama, sociometry, pioneer of group psychotherapy, social role theory.


  Zerka Moreno, 1917 - Present. Now living in Charlottesville, Virginia, she continues to teach and is the honorary leading figure in psychodrama today.


  Doris Twitchell Allen, one of the early psychodramatists, also a founder of International Children's Summer Programs, first in Maine, then in many countries. Died in 2002.


  Eya Fechnin Branham was a proponent of psychodrama in the 1950s, and a major trainer in the Southwest, establishing her own stage within a specially designed building on her ranch just north of Taos, New Mexico. Died, 2002. 


  James Enneis was a major pioneer who began a psychodrama training program at St. Elizabeths Hospital in Washington, DC. He died in the 1970s.


  Anne Ancelin Schutzenberger, Ph.D., is a psychologist and a major pioneer of psychodrama in France and Europe in general. She continues to be an active writer of books and articles on psychodrama, and an explorer of new frontiers in psychology, as discussed in her recent book, "The Ancestor Syndrome."


  Gretel Leutz, M.D., is one of the early pioneers of psychodrama in Europe. She organized one of the larger training institutes in Germany. She is the author of several widely translated texts and continues to teach throughout Europe.


 Marcia Karp is a major pioneer of psychodrama in England. She was raised in the USA, but emigrated to the UK in the early 1970s. She continues to travel and teach internationally.

   (More about Marcia as of 2008 on  another webpage about halfway down!)


 Hannah Weiner was a major pioneer of psychodrama in the late 1950s and early 1960s, mainly in New York. She also taught at Esalen Institute and influenced the inclusion of psychodramatic methods in the multi-modal encounter groups developed by Will Schutz. She died arond 1980. 


 G. Douglas Warner was a pioneer in the 1960s, teaching psychodrama in the Maryland area. He wrote useful little books of psychodrama training tips. Died in early 2003. 


  Martin Haskell was one of the earlier pioneers, working with Moreno in the 1950s. He established an institute in Long Beach (south of Los Angeles) California, wrote a classic book on "Socioanalysis," and continued to teach until his death in the early 1980s.


 Leon Fine, Ph.D., lived in Portland Oregon and was a major teacher in the Northwest and California in the 1960s - early 1980s. Died in late 1980s. 


 Neville Murray, M.D., was the psychiatrist who for a number of years in the 1970s and early 1980s organized courses and symposia about psychodrama at the American Psychiatric Association's annual meeting, and also trained practitioners in San Antonio, Texas. (Died around 1984)


 Adaline Starr was a psychodramatist in Chicago, training in the 1960s-70s. She was an Adlerian, and the author of the 1977 book, Rehearsal for Living: Psychodrama. Died in the mid-1980s.

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